Brannan Vines has never been to war. But she’s got a warrior’s skills: hyperawareness, hypervigilance, adrenaline-sharp quick-scanning for danger, for triggers. Super stimuli-sensitive. Skills on the battlefield, crazy-person behavior in a drug store, where she was recently standing behind a sweet old lady counting out change when she suddenly became so furious her ears literally started ringing.
- The first sentence is a factual claim because their beyond a doubt that bandanna vines has never been to war
- This entire section is filled with categorical claims because it lists examples of warrior skills and PTSD symptoms
but her husband, Caleb, was sent to Iraq twice, where he served in the infantry as a designated marksman. He’s one of 103,200, or 228,875, or 336,000 Americans who served in Iraq or Afghanistan and came back with PTSD, depending on whom you ask, and one of 115,000 to 456,000 with traumatic brain injury.
- “her husband Caleb, was ent to Iraq twice where served in the infantry is a factual claim because we know beyond a doubt that he did go to war
- the bottom portion is categorical claim because it provides us with actual number of Americans who served in Iraq or Afghanistan and came back with PTSD
- this is also a comparative claim because they are comparing Caleb to other American soldiers who served in the war and came back with PTSD
under testing for the latter, underreporting, under or over-misdiagnosing of both. And as slippery as all that is, even less understood is the collateral damage, to families, to schools, to society—emotional and fiscal costs borne long after the war is over.
- This would be a casual claim because it shows the consequences of over/under misdiagnosing PTSD
Hypervigilance sounds innocuous, but it is in fact exhaustingly distressing, a conditioned response to life-threatening situations. Imagine there’s a murderer in your house. And it is dark outside, and the electricity is out. Imagine your nervous system spiking, readying you as you feel your way along the walls, the sensitivity of your hearing, the tautness in your muscles, the alertness shooting around inside your skull. And then imagine feeling like that all the time.
- This is an analogy claim because it is comparing brannans PTSD symptoms to life treating situations such as a murderer in the house
Caleb has been home since 2006, way more than enough time for Brannan to catch his symptoms.
- Factual claim because this undoubtly true
Brannan is 32 now, but in her portraits with the big white dress and lacy veil she’s not even old enough to drink. There were 500 people at the ceremony. Even the mayor was there. And there’s Caleb, slim, in a tux, three years older than Brannan at 22, in every single picture just about the smilingest motherfucker you’ve ever seen, in a shy kind of way.
- Factual claim bran is 32 now
- analogy claim because they are comparing branny to her younger self in the portraits
- also an evaluative claim because it discusses the personality of brannan and the characteristics of her
Now, he’s rounder, heavier, bearded, and long-haired, obviously tough even if he weren’t prone to wearing a COMBAT INFANTRYMAN cap, but still not the guy you picture when you see his “Disabled Veteran” license plates.
- Categorical claim/evaluative because its lists qualities and characteristics of current Caleb
Caleb is so sensitive to light, why he can’t just watch the news like a regular person without feeling as if he might catch fire
- analogy claim because its comparing Caleb to the average person
Whatever is happening to Caleb, it’s as old as war itself. The ancient historian Herodotus told of Greeks being honorably dismissed for being “out of heart” and “unwilling to encounter danger.” Civil War doctors, who couldn’t think of any other thing that might be unpleasant about fighting the Civil War but homesickness, diagnosed thousands with “nostalgia.”
- analogy claim because the statement is comparing whats happening to Caleb to the age of war and other war related events in history