Bibliography- Pardonmyfrench

Annotated Bibliography

1. Burrow, A., & Rainone, N. (2016, September 14). How many likes did I get?: Purpose moderates links between positive social media feedback and self-esteem. Retrieved November 29, 2020, from

Background: The article discusses that positive feedback on social media allows for people, especially teens, to develop a greater self-worth. Included in this article is a study that was conducted to test just that, with Facebook profile pictures and likes. Positive feedback is proven to increase self-esteem among users in this study and even shown to make people feel like they have a purpose.

How I used it: I used this article to further prove my hypothesis and through the various essays in order to show social media users are deeply affected by likes. I used this source to also show that not everyone is equally affected by likes the same way and in fact that younger users with low sense of life purpose were most affected. Also used some of the data in this article to give extra evidence of this data.

2. Luxton, D. D., June, J. D., & Fairall, J. M. (2012). Social media and suicide: a public health perspective. American journal of public health102 Suppl 2(Suppl 2), S195–S200.

Background: This article describes how and why social media is highly linked to suicide in teens and young adults who use the platform. This article aims to show what affect social media can play on someone’s behavior, especially when linked to suicide. Positive and negatives of social media interaction are discussed as well as what approaches the public should be taking to mitigate these risks.

How I Used it: I used this source in my rebuttal argument to touch on the positives of social media and how it can be seen in a positive light instead of negative. I also used this source in my definition essay when I was specifically talking about the teen and young adult age group.

3. Jan, M., Soomro, S. A., & Ahmad, N. (2017). Impact of Social Media on Self-Esteem. European Scientific Journal, ESJ13(23), 329.

Background: This source specifically shows data that supports the claim that self-esteem has lowered among social media users. Several questionnaires were given out before and after using social media and scores of self esteem were established. Astounding numbers of users had decreasing scores. This paper claims even an hour of social media use can effect a persons psyche.

How I Used it: I used this article in all of the essays to show that self- esteem has a growing correlation with social media use. I used this information to develop my paragraphs further and give more information on why social media plays a role in teens emotions.

4. Larry, B. (2016). Self-Esteem Levels & Selfies (dissertation). Retrieved from

Background:  The study found a significant relationship between low self-esteem levels and posting selfies to boost self-confidence. Someone who has higher self-esteem is able to post and take more selfies, opposed to someone who is less confident in themselves and will post far less because they are scared of ridicule from peers. This source also say that a younger age plays a big role in self-verification on social sites.

How I Used it: I used this study when referring back to which age group is most effected by social media and selfies; teens. Because of this article, teens became the main age focus of the essay which I had originally not intended to do.

5. Destino, A. (2019). The Effects of Cognitive Stimulation of Instagram on Anxiety, Fear of Missing Out, Memory, and Self-Esteem. Digital Showcase @ University of Lynchburg.

Background: This article talks about how cognitive function is being affected due to social media presence and specifically effecting anxiety levels, self-esteem, and memory. The article had several research studies done in order to prove cognitive function was being affected and an experimental group was put to the test. The evidence of using Instagram heightened users’ levels of FOMO, and anxiety several times higher than the group that hadn’t looked at social media.

How I Used It: This article helped me to explain that not only is self-esteem being affected, but anxiety and memory were also being affected by social media use. Seeing others engaged in activities that some teens aren’t a part of can start a downward trend which I ended up talking about several times throughout the essays.

6.Tierney, L. (2019, March 29). Perspective | Why it’s a mistake to ban social media – and what to do instead. The Washington Post.

Background: This article by the Washington Post discusses how parents are banning social media and that it can be detrimental to a child’s development and why. The article gives solutions and alternatives to banning social media for teens. The idea of the article is to improve communication between parents and teens to lead to a safer social media experience.

How I Used It: This article was used several times in my rebuttal argument to give example of how teen users could get around being “banned” by their parents. In my argument I stated that forbidding social media would do nothing positive because it wouldn’t actually stand a chance. Teens have access to social sites in many different ways including friends houses and school; which is further talked about in the article.  

7.Bonds, D. (2019). Cyberbullying Defined [web log].

Background:  This site gave an ample amount of data and statistics about cyber bullying and social media usage. The article goes into deep details about research on socioemotional factors of social media and how cyberbullying could be stopped.

How I Used It: This site revealed the statistics behind how many people use social media and how many of those users had been cyberbullied. I used this in my definition and rebuttal essay. The statistics played a large role in my rebuttal essay to send a message of just how big the issue is when shown through numbers.

8.King University. (2019, September). The Psychology of Social Media. King University Online.

Background: This source discusses the psychological addiction of social media. The website specifically goes into details about self-perception on social media and how there is enormous social pressures through social media to try and fit in. There are also many pros and cons of mental health that are mentioned throughout.

How I Used It: I used this source in my definition essay to show why users post to social media in the first place. The different tiers of posting motivations was brought into the definition essay to prove that the psychology of posting will always be relevant and can possibly continue to grow.

9.Healy, M. (2019, June 18). Suicide rates for U.S. teens and young adults are the highest on record. Los Angeles Times.

Background Info: This article by the LA Times, talks all about how suicide rates for teens in the U.S is at an all time high. Suicide is now the second leading cause of death between people of 10 and 34. The article gives reference to many studies and statistics about teen suicide and gender differences, with males leading this horrid statistic.

How I Used It: This article was useful in my definition essay when talking about how social media leads to suicide. I also used this article for communicating that teens are not the most levelheaded and make irrational decisions quickly; suicide being an example of this.

10.Ruder, D. B. (2008, October 16). The Teen Brain. Harvard Magazine.

Background Info: This source focuses on different parts of the teen brain. It goes into specifics about how the teenage brain is different than that of an adult, how information is processed and brain development difference in genders. There is a lot of scientific evidence that is introduced including all of the technology that was used in order to get the results of this study.

How I Used It: I used the evidence of this source to demonstrate that teens are the most easily influenced by their environment and social media. This can be seen in my definition essay when I spoke on how the frontal lobe (which is responsible for decision making and judgment) is nowhere close to maturity and can lead to negative interactions with social media. Teens can be reckless, and I put this into how they can make social media a living hell for some people or be easily influenced by what others say online.

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