- Bianchi, R. (2006). Tourism and the globalization of fear: Analyzing the politics of risk AND (IN)SECURITY in global travel – RAOUL Bianchi, 2006. Retrieved April 12, 2021, from
Background: There are always risks when travelling anywhere. In the last couple of years, we have witnessed many terror attacks around the world on tourists. For example, the Paris Attacks in 2015 and the Las Vegas shootings a few years ago. The negative effect of traveling is the fear of being killed in an attack. The article provides useful information on tourism and the risk of terrorism.
How I used it: This source is a conflicting viewpoint to my thesis (Being Deprived of the right to travel results in many damaging effects. I used this in my Rebuttal Argument to explain that we cannot live in fear. We must live our lives for us to thrive.
- Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce … Retrieved February 24, 2021, from https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30460-8/fulltext
Background: Since the Coronavirus outbreak started in December 2019, there has been evidence showing that it can have negative psychological effects on people. These included signs of PTSD and confusion all coming from boredom, uncertainty, and financial loss. Studies have been conducted to prove this. One study showed that hospital staff had signs of acute stress after nine days of quarantine. Also, the hospital staff reported signs of loneliness, anxiety, insomnia, and irritability following their time in quarantine. This proves that being socially separated is dangerous to the human mind as it can bring upon signs of mental disorders. Us, as humans are heavily reliant on social activity to thrive. With our social lives taken away from us, it is evident that being quarantined is unhealthy for the human mind.
How I used It: I used this source to explain the negative effects of staying quarantined for a long period of time. This again is damaging to the human psyche because with limited human interaction, we are depressed and that is an awful way to live life. We are so dependent on having a social life that without it, we are in danger as a species.
- Chen, C. (2013). Health and wellness benefits of travel experiences a literature Review. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
Background: Traveling has many health and wellness benefits. When someone goes on a vacation for pleasure, they are satisfied because it gives people a chance to escape the stresses of their lives. Going on a vacation can also improve mental health and a chance at a better lifestyle because of the time to yourself. A study conducted proves this. When someone goes on a vacation, they go through four stages of satisfaction: The Anticipation Stage (Before Vacation), Experience Stage (During Vacation), The Beneficial Stage (During and After Vacation), and the Fade Out Stage. When a person is anticipating a getaway, their satisfaction starts to improve because of the excitement. In the Beneficial Stage, one’s satisfaction is at its highest point because that is the point where they are most happy. Following this, satisfaction starts to go down at the Fade Out Stage because their happiness derived from their vacation is starting to decrease. Therefore, going on vacations for just a few days improves one’s lifestyle.
How I used It: I used the Stages of Travel from this source to describe how people feel when they are on a vacation and to show the positive effects of travel in general because of the great memories that will gain.
- Ettema, D., & Timmermans, H. (2006, October 27). Costs of travel time uncertainty and benefits of travel time information: Conceptual model and numerical examples. Retrieved April 12, 2021, from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0968090X06000684
Background: This article examines how travel time and schedules can increase costs of travel. This is the case because of the uncertainty of arrival.
How I used It: While I did use this source to further my understand on the rebuttal to my topic, I did not fully use this source in my paper.
- Gover, A., Harper, S., & Langton, L. (2020, July 07). Anti-Asian hate crime during the COVID-19 pandemic: Exploring the reproduction of inequality. Retrieved March 29, 2021, from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12103-020-09545-1
Background: Since people are much more prone to feeling anxiety and depressed from isolating due to Covid-19, we tend to shift the blame to a group of people who we may think are responsible. This article discusses how isolating during the Pandemic has increased violence towards Asian Americans. Because the virus originated from Wuhan, China, people are becoming xenophobic towards Asians and thus hate crimes towards them increase.
How I used it: I used this source to expand the idea that being isolated and away from other people triggers more violence. Since the shootings of Asian Americans in Atlanta last month, I explored and implemented it into my paper.
- JM, T. (2020). Working in a pandemic: Exploring the impact of covid-19 health anxiety on work, family, and health outcomes. Retrieved February 22, 2021, from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32969707/
Background: It seems that the Coronavirus Pandemic is causing people such as employees to have anxiety about contracting the virus. COVID-19 Health Anxiety or otherwise known as CovH is this fear of contracting COVID-19. A study conducted about CovH yields results about the effects of staying quarantined and isolated. When someone has anxiety, it triggers what is known as the fight or flight response in which the brain can either face the cause of anxiety head on, or it can stimulate a flight response. This makes someone feel that they cannot escape the situation that they are in. In this instance, it is the Coronavirus. The fear of contracting COVID-19 is triggering a flight response due to the uncertainties of how long the virus will last. Emotion Suppression is a way that people can cope with the anxiety. This makes a seemingly never-ending situation more manageable.
How I used it: I used this source to explain people’s fear of contracting Covid-19. CovH is real and is the reason that mental health is declining. People are much more on edge and it is an unhealthy result of this Pandemic. Always having anxiety about one thing is dangerous to one’s mental health. Therefore, it is important to not have travel restrictions.
- Ozdemir, M. (2020). (PDF) the novel Coronavirus Covid-19 crisis on Incoming … Retrieved February 22, 2021, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/346937451_The_Novel_Coronavirus_Covid-19_Crisis_on_Incoming_Travel_Agencies_Current_Situation_and_Post-pandemic_Scenarios
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has drastic effects on travel. In March of 2020 alone, 90% of the population faced lock downs from the stay-at-home orders and travel bans that were being issued. Also, international flights in 2020 are estimated to fall by 20% to 30% because of the pandemic. A study was conducted on the impacts of the Chinese tourism Industry which stated that foreigners that anticipating on traveling to China cancelled their reservations. Airlines also stopped most international flights to stop the spread of the virus. Many countries are also in the same situation as China. Their tourism industries are failing because people are not able to fly internationally. As a result, flying and tourism in general are collapsing.
How I used It: I used this research to get an understanding on the trends of the travel industry because of the mandatory lockdowns due to Covid-19. The lockdowns are causing the industry to lose millions and that airlines and travel in general are at risk of failure and negative effects of being deprived the right to travel.
- Sediri, S., Zgueb, Y., Ouanes, S., Ouali, U., Bourgou, S., Jomli, R., & Nacef, F. (2020, October 17). Women’s mental HEALTH: Acute impact of COVID-19 pandemic on domestic violence. Retrieved March 29, 2021, from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00737-020-01082-4
Background: Violence in general has increased during the Covid lockdowns. In Tunisia, it is shown that violence towards women has increased during the time of isolation. Signs of distress are also being proved to increase.
How I used It: This article helps support the idea that being locked down and isolated from people is very dangerous. Depriving people of their freedom to go out and live their lives is extremely dangerous and helps fuel more violence and hate and, in this case, hate towards women. I used this article to explain the trend of the increase of violence during the Pandemic.
- Seppo, E. (1983). Towards a social psychology of recreational travel. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
Background: Any form of travel or a vacation has effects on the human mind. People see traveling as a reward and or an escape from their daily living routines. Going on a vacation is an Intrinsic Activity meaning that it is motivated by internal feelings and satisfaction.
How I used It: I used this source to show that people see going on a vacation as a reward. Taking a reward and satisfaction away from someone is a dangerous thing because it can lead to the dangerous effects described in earlier sources.
- Waterhouse, J., Reilly, T., & Edwards, B. (2011). The stress of travel. Retrieved April 12, 2021, from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02640410400000264
Background: This source explains the negative effects of travelling constantly and how it stresses the body. Traveling long distances such as travelling across the United States for instance. When travelling these long distances, you cross into different time zones which affects people’s sleep schedules. The authors call this “Travel Fatigue” which causes sleep loss and anxiety.
How I used it: I used this source to refute the rebuttal to my thesis by explaining that constant travel can wear down the body. This source made me understand how constant travel can effect sleep and the mind.