APA Citation

In-text APA Citation

In an article at the Center for Disease Control’s website called “Childhood Obesity Causes and Consequences,” the CDC issues the warning that a primary cause of excess weight gain in children is “eating high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages” such as sugary drinks. Most people hearing the term “sugary drinks” think of soda exclusively; however, the category is much broader. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, “sugary drinks consist of fruit drinks, soda, energy drinks, sport drinks, and sicweetened waters.” In an attempt to alert us to the prevalence of sugar in commercial beverages, the Journal of Public Health Dentistry has compiled a list of what it considers sugary drinks, adding sweetened teas to the category. And finally, in the “Advice for Patients” section of the journal Nutrients, examples can be found of several sugary drink types including fruitades such as Gatorade and lemonade, fruit-flavored drinks like Kool-Aid and Fruit Punch, sodas such as Coke, Pepsi and 7Up, and energy drinks like Monster or Red Bull. These drinks are found in most American homes and often considered healthy. But Jennifer Pomeranz in the Journal of Public Health Policy warns that sugary drinks are the largest source of added sugars in most children’s diet and also their main source of calorie intake. When children drink soda, they take in more calories than they can immediately use, and the unspent calories get converted into fat.

References

Childhood Obesity Causes and Consequences. (2016, December 15). Retrieved April 16, 2018, from https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/causes.html

Keast, D., Fulgoni, V., Nicklas, T., & O’Neil, C. (2013). Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients among Children in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003–2006. Nutrients5(1), 283–301. MDPI AG. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu5010283

Mallonee, L. F., Boyd, L. D., & Stegeman, C. (2017). A scoping review of skills and tools oral health professionals need to engage children and parents in dietary changes to prevent childhood obesity and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 77. doi:10.1111/jphd.12237

Ogden, Cynthia L., et al. Consumption of sugar drinks in the United States, 2005-2008. US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, 2011.

Pomeranz, J. L., Munsell, C. R., & Harris, J. L. (2013). Energy drinks: An emerging public health hazard for youth. Journal of Public Health Policy, 34(2), 254-271. doi:10.1057/jphp.2013.6

I see the model. Now, how does it work?

When the author of this argument about sugary drinks makes a reference to an academic journal, website, or magazine article in her essay, she quotes or paraphrases the article’s content and provides enough details in the text to help readers find the source in the References list.

Example 1 (Publisher and Title, plus Quote):

In an article at the Center for Disease Control’s website called Childhood Obesity Causes and Consequences, the CDC issues the warning that a primary cause of excess weight gain in children is “eating high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages” such as sugary drinks.

Example 2 (Publisher plus quote):

According to the National Center for Health Statistics, “sugary drinks consist of fruit drinks, soda, energy drinks, sport drinks, and sweetened waters.”

Example 3 (Name of Journal, plus Paraphrase):

In an attempt to alert us to the prevalence of sugar in commercial beverages, the Journal of Public Health Dentistry has compiled a list of what it considers sugary drinks, adding sweetened teas to the category.

Example 4 (Name of Journal, Title of Article, plus Paraphrase):

And finally, in the “Advice for Patients” section of the journal Nutrients, examples can be found of several sugary drink types including fruitades such as Gatorade and lemonade, fruit-flavored drinks like Kool-Aid and Fruit Punch, sodas such as Coke, Pepsi and 7Up, and energy drinks like Monster or Red Bull.

Example 5 (Author, Name of Journal, plus Paraphrase):

But Jennifer Pomeranz in the Journal of Public Health Policy warns that sugary drinks are the largest source of added sugars in most children’s diet and also their main source of calorie intake. When children drink soda, they take in more calories than they can immediately use, and the unspent calories get converted into fat.


Exercise

YOUR TURN TO CREATE IN-TEXT CITATION:
In a Reply below, read the paragraph below, excerpted from a recent article in the New York Times.

  • Create a brief statement about something the author says.
  • Decide for yourself who the Author is.
    • Do you want to quote Jacob Goldstein, the author of the book?
    • Or do you want to quote Richard Davies, the author of the book review?
  • In creating your statement, use natural language and the in-text citation technique to provide the bibliographic information a reader would need to trace your source.
  • Decide for yourself what bibliographic information is essential.
  • Decide for yourself whether paraphrase, or direct quotation, or a combination is the best way to deliver the author’s meaning.
Jacob Goldstein is a host of NPR’s “Planet Money.” His new book features the show’s trademark storytelling: fast-paced and chatty.

Book Review. Money: The True Story of a Made-Up Thing by Jacob Goldstein

Of all the inventions we rely on to get through the day, nothing is as strange as money. Currency is a national bedrock that sits alongside anthems and flags; our cash — from pristine $100 bills to dog-eared 5 pound notes — seems solid, official and enduring. At the same time money is a confidence trick: an i.o.u. printed on cheap material that promises the holder nothing but more paper money. The evolving paradox of modern currency — foundational yet resting on faith — is the central theme of “Money,” a sweeping new history by Jacob Goldstein.

The main thread is set out right away: Money “seems cold and mathematical and outside the realm of fuzzy human relationships,” Goldstein asserts. But it’s really “a made-up thing, a shared fiction. Money is fundamentally, unalterably social.” The early chronicles of cash show how societies move from monies with intrinsic value (commodity currencies, like salt, or coins made from precious metal) to paper currencies that are valuable because they are tools — ways to exchange goods and services.

28 Responses to APA Citation

  1. davidbdale says:

    So messy I don’t understand it.

    Like

  2. davidbdale says:

    Violates FFG Rule 7 once.

    Like

  3. davidbdale says:

    Misunderstands the quotes-within-quotes rule. Review Fails For Grammar.

    Like

  4. davidbdale says:

    Couple things, Profs22.
    —You don’t cite an excerpt. You’re citing a book review.
    —Your capitalization doesn’t match the capitalization of the review title.
    —Fails For Grammar Rule 7 comma placement
    —Fails For Grammar Rule 11 single and double quotes

    Like

  5. davidbdale says:

    Nice work, but,
    —I know you didn’t have access to italics in your Reply, clementine, but the title Money, because it’s a book, should be italicized.
    —Fails For Grammar Rule 7 comma placement

    Like

  6. davidbdale says:

    Good work RS, except that the title of the article needs quotation marks.
    “The Fiction That Makes the World Go Round.”
    And yes, that will result in a weird-looking clash of quotation marks.

    According to Richard Davies in a book review titled “The Fiction That Makes The World Go Round,” “At the same time money is a confidence trick: an i.o.u. printed on cheap material that promises the holder nothing but more paper money.”

    That’s legal but odd, so you might want to reorganize. For example,
    Richard Davies, in a book review titled “The Fiction That Makes The World Go Round,” observes that “money is a confidence trick: an i.o.u. printed on cheap material that promises the holder nothing but more paper money.”

    Look good?

    Like

  7. davidbdale says:

    Nice work, Cardinal. In your uncorrected version, you neglected the / before the em that would have closed out your italics command. I have fixed that for you. The rest is quite elegant.

    Like

  8. davidbdale says:

    These are both really nice, RunnerD4. I closed out your italics with a slash in the right place.
    em between a “less than” and a “more than” begins italics
    /em between a “less than” and a “more than” ends italics

    Like

  9. davidbdale says:

    Richard Davies claims that “money is a confidence trick; an i.o.u.” and insists it’s fuel for an “evolving paradox” in his book review, “The Fiction That Makes the World go Round,” published in the New York Times.

    Like

  10. davidbdale says:

    Bunch of problems here, Nima,
    Richard Davies, in his book review titled “The Fiction That Makes the World Go Round,” states that “nothing is as strange as money,” in reference to Jacob Goldstein’s book Money: The True Story of a Made-Up Thing.

    Like

  11. davidbdale says:

    Very nice except for,
    —Fails For Grammar Rule 12 the Banned 2nd Person
    —Fails For Grammar Rule 7 comma placement

    Like

  12. davidbdale says:

    Bunch of problems here, JB.
    —Your first “sentence” isn’t a sentence.
    —Fails For Grammar Rule 13 Possessives
    —You got the title of the book review wrong. It’s “The Fiction That Makes the World Go Round.”
    —Fails for Grammar Rule 7 period placement

    Like

  13. davidbdale says:

    Nice work overall but for a couple of things,
    —Fails For Grammar Rule 7 comma placement
    —Uses 2 instances of “said language” (According to) (he claims)
    You could say that According to Davies SOMEONE ELSE claims something, but it’s wrong to say that According to Davies, Davies says . . . .

    Like

  14. davidbdale says:

    I have no idea what’s going on with your periods and commas, CL.
    In the book review by Richard Davies, “The Fiction That Makes the World Go Round,” he states, “The main thread is set out right away: Money ‘seems cold and mathematical and outside the realm of fuzzy human relationships,’ Goldstein asserts. But it’s really ‘a made-up thing, a shared fiction,'” meaning that the current currency is, in Goldstein’s words “a social construct” and “cold or mathematical.”

    Something like that, except that you would want to identify Goldstein as the author of the book being reviewed and probably offer up its title. I admire that you wanted to do a complex citation of both the book and the review, but it’s harder than it looks.

    Like

  15. davidbdale says:

    Bunch of problems here, CF
    In the New York Times book review titled “The Fiction That Makes the World Go Round,” Richard Davies states that money has moved from a sensible commodity currency such as “salt, or coins made from precious metal,” to cash because it is a “tool.” In other words, if an entire society were to suddenly start believing that cash wasn’t worth anything, then it wouldn’t be worth the paper it was written on.

    Like

  16. davidbdale says:

    Bunch of things here, BB
    In his book review, “The Fiction That Makes the World Go Round,” Richard Davies states, “The evolving paradox of modern currency—foundational yet resting on faith—is the central theme of Money, a sweeping new history by Jacob Goldstein.”

    Also, if you’re going to quote the title of the book, you should quote the entire title.

    Like

  17. davidbdale says:

    Bunch of things here, Blunt
    In his book review, “The Fiction That Makes the World Go Round,” Richard Davies states THAT money is “a confidence trick… that promises the holder nothing but more paper money.” Many economists have realized and analyzed money in this way, with most nations operating on this fundamental “fiat” principle.

    —Yours named the author twice (According to Davies, Davies said)
    —We EXPLAIN how, but we STATE that.
    —When blending a quote into your own grammar, don’t lead with a comma, don’t capitalize the first word. (money is “a confidence trick)
    —Fails For Grammar Rule 13 possessives (A review by Davies is Davies’ review)
    —Fails for Grammar Rule 11 double quotes

    Like

  18. davidbdale says:

    Richard Davies, the author of “The Fiction That Makes the World Go Round,” a review of Money: The True Story of a Made-up Thing, expressed that money tends to be represented as a “tool.” This is in replacement of regular goods like salt, in order to give more ways to exchange services.

    Like

  19. davidbdale says:

    Actual money is just a piece of paper, something that humans created to differentiate ourselves from one another, to brag to the other or to create power. In his book review titled “The Fiction that Makes the World Go Round,” Richard Davies says that money only shows power and stability, gives self confidence and reliability to people, and doesn’t really make our lives happy.

    Like

  20. davidbdale says:

    In his book review, “The Fiction that Makes the World Go Round,” Richard Davies explains the change in money as societies progressed by saying, “The early chronicles of cash show how societies move from monies with intrinsic value (commodity currencies, like salt, or coins made from precious metal) to paper currencies that are valuable because they are tools.” What he means by this is that money has no actual value and is just a piece of paper compared to items with actual value of past societies.

    Like

  21. l8tersk8ter says:

    According to Richard Davies in his book review of Jacob Goldstein’s Money: The True Story of a Made-Up Thing , money is one of the strangest inventions that is now an everyday item heavily relied on. This paradox of currency in the modern world is the foundation of Goldstein’s book.

    Like

  22. davidbdale says:

    In his book The Interpretation of Dreams, Sigmund Freud claims that lazy minds too often prefer conservatism in order to stay in their comfort zone, instead of adapting themselves to fast-changing conditions. It explains why most conservative people are not willing to change their habits and ideas because once begun, the process requires effort.

    Like

  23. davidbdale says:

    As published in the New York Times, Richard Davies’ book review of Jacob Goldstein’s book, Money: The True Story of a Made-Up Thing discusses how society ultimately took the value of paper money as a way to exchange goods and services stemming from the traditional currencies such as salt and precious metal coins.

    Like

  24. honeysucklelilac says:

    Money is an object that we as a society have deemed to have specific amounts of value. Everything has moved from trading physical commodities for other goods and services to being able to be bought by pieces of paper. The author of a book review of Jacob Goldstein’s book, Money: The True Story of a Made-Up Things, Richard Davis said, “the early chronicles of cash show how societies move from monies with intrinsic value to paper currencies that are valuable because they are tools — ways to exchange goods and services.” We have decided to move on from trading physical goods and services and instead have assigned paper with the value deemed appropriate.

    Like

  25. There is nothing intrinsically or naturally valuable about modern day currency. This is exactly what author Jacob Goldstein details in his new book “Money: The True Story of a Made Up Thing”. Goldstein claims that money is “a made-up thing, a shared fiction. Money is fundamentally, unalterably social.”

    Like

  26. carsonwentz1186 says:

    “The early chronicles of cash show how societies move from monies with intrinsic value (commodity currencies, like salt, or coins made from precious metal) to paper currencies that are valuable because they are tools — ways to exchange goods and services” said New York Times writer Richard Davies in his review of Jacob Goldstein’s “Money”.

    Like

  27. justheretopass says:

    Money is a piece of paper that society has put labels and values on. The author of the book review of Jacob Goldstein “Money: The True Story of a Made-Up Thing” Richard Davies stated “at the same time money is a confidence trick: an i.o.u. printed on cheap material that promises the holder nothing but more paper money.” Money is cheap and easy to make yet is so valuable in the society we live in now.

    Like

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