Berchicci, Marika. “Benefits of Physical Exercise on the Aging Brain: The Role of the Prefrontal Cortex.” 2013. https://bit.ly/3vLcyyH
Content: This study done by the Department of Human Movement at the University of Rome discusses and discovers that increased physical activity in later stages of life can help to preserve brain function, especially in the prefrontal cortex.
How I used it: This was used in my definition paper to tie exercise to mental benefits before tying exercise to drumming and finally drumming to these benefits.
Britton, Luke Morgan. “Insomnia, Anxiety, Break-ups… Musicians on the dark side of touring.” The Guardian. 2015. https://bit.ly/3wGzYGy
Content: Discusses the straining mental demands of professional musicians as well as how it negatively impacts their social life.
How Used It: This source was used in my rebuttal paper to actually emphasize the positive mental and social impacts of being a professional or touring drummer.
Content: Discusses the rigorous physical exertion found from drumming, and compares drumming to multiple “real” sports such as swimming or cycling. It continues to describe a study incorporating several drummers of many ages and skill levels that aimed to identify the amount of energy used as well as how physically demanding drumming actually is, and if it qualifies as exercise.
How I Used It: This was used in my causal paper to highlight many of the positive physical effects that drumming can have on people.
Content: This article described the immense amounts of sound waves that come from being a professional musician or even a casual drummer and how damaging they can be on the players’ ears.
How I Used It: I used this article in my rebuttal paper, as it provided the dual purpose of introducing a negative effect of drumming (hearing loss), as well as the steps required to prevent this negative from happening in the first place.
Content: The study discussed the negative impact of social isolation, and found that humans who lacked meaningful social interactions had a higher risk of heart diseases, and in turn a higher risk for early mortality. Since professional drummers often require many hours of practice and can easily get lost in this practice,
How I Used It: I used this article in my rebuttal to display the argument that points out the possible devastating social effects of being a professional drummer.
Kopp S., Maria. Where psychology meets physiology: chronic stress and premature mortality. 2003. https://bit.ly/3szmFp
Content: This study found that high levels of stress led to premature death and other health risks. A simple yet powerful conclusion, this evidence was used in my rebuttal when discussing the dangerous mental effects of being a drummer. Being the drummer requires a lot of responsibility which can come with immense amounts of stress, and this study displays the effect of that stress.
How I used it: this was used in my rebuttal argument to explain the negative aspects of stress that come with being a professional drummer or other musician that’s relied upon.
Penedo, Frank J. “Exercise and well-being: a review of mental and physical health benefits associated with physical activity.” 2005. https://bit.ly/2QUyQir
Content: This study explores the benefits of physical exercise and how it related to a healthier and longer life, reducing risks for things such as cardiovascular diseases and arthritis.
How I used it: This was used in my definition paper to help readers understand the benefits of exercise before relating drumming to those benefits to get a deeper understanding of how drumming can be healthy in the long term.
Perkins, Rosie. Making music for mental health: how group drumming mediates recovery. 2016. https://bit.ly/3sBRysO
Content: This article follows mentally ill patients and recovering addicts through drumming treatments. It found that participating in these rhythmic, therapeutic drum circles sped up recovery and made that patients feel better mentally.
How I used it: This source was used in my causal paper as it contains overwhelming evidence in support of the positive mental effects of drumming.
Content: The study describes school teachers and how their perfectionism leads to stress and burnout, however I believe it works just as well to provide negative effects of perfectionism in musicians and artists. It talked about how the constant unrealistic aim for perfection caused immense levels of stress and even caused the teachers to experience burnout.
How I used it: This study was used in my rebuttal to bring attention to the detrimental mental effects of being a professional musician.
Vardonikolaki, Aikaterini. “Musicians’ Hearing Handicap Index: A New Questionnaire to Assess the Impact of Hearing Impairment in Musicians and Other Music Professionals.” 2020. https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-19-00165
Content: This article discusses hearing loss and the dangers of extreme decibel levels that come with being a professional musician. It goes into more detail about the Musicians’ Hearing Handicap Index (HMMI) which is the recommended decibel levels of stage monitors for musicians.
How I used it: The article was used in my rebuttal paper to display the destructive power of drumming on the ears of the player.