1. Bates, J. E., Pettit, G. S., Dodge, K. A., & Ridge, B. (1998). Interaction of temperamental resistance to control and restrictive parenting in the development of externalizing behavior. Developmental Psychology, 34(5), 982–995. Retrieved December 11, 2020, from

Background: Child temperament and parental control were studied as interacting predictors of behavior outcomes in 2 longitudinal samples.

How I Used It: This article offers a good overview of the lack of affection in children by parents and helps readers understand its consequences better. It also emphasizes a fact that I wanted my readers to know, that emotional neglect’s consequences can be severe, such as life-long neurological impairment.

2.Glaser, D. (2002). Emotional abuse and neglect (psychological maltreatment): A conceptual framework. Child Abuse & Neglect. Retrieved December 11, 2020, from

Background: Covers the place of emotional abuse or psychological maltreatment within the overall context of child abuse and neglect.

How I Used It: Glaser’s study shows interesting results about emotional neglect and its consequences. Though her study realized in different countries, she was able to compare emotional neglect to other types of abuse. She observed considerable evidence about its brain damage, such as functional problems and changed brain structures. I think her research is a good support to what I wanted to say in my research paper.

3.Kaya, Nihan. 2018. There are no good families. Ithaki. Retrieved December 16, 2020, from

Background: Contains the ideas of Nihan Kaya about parenting, being children and emotional struggles. This book offers a different perspective to help people discover the reasons behind many things about themselves, such as why we suffer, why we want to be loved, why we postpone our work, etc.

How I Used It: In her book, Kaya points out different ideas about childhood traumas and says that there are no good families. She defends one of the ideas that I brought up in my research by saying that all families struggle, and it’s never easy to be a child. She is one of my favorite authors, and defends children rights. I believe that mentioning her work helps my readers understand that emotional abuse is a common thing and my intention was not to blame parents.

4.Lacharité, C., L. S. Éthier, and P. Nolin. 2006. Vers une théorie écosystémique de la négligence envers les enfants. Bulletin de psychologie. Retrieved December 11, 2020, from

Background: The article aims to describe a theoretical model of neglect. The first part presents the main issues raised by the act of defining child neglect and proposes a definition for making a diagnosis of these situations. The second part proposes an etiological model of neglect. The third part takes stock of the multiple consequences of neglect.

How I Used It: This article shows the importance of children’s living environment and how emotional neglect can cause physical consequences including mortality. I think it was important to cite a work that shows a heavy consequence, especially about an issue that has been ignored a lot.

5.Pianta, R., Egeland, B., & Erickson, M. F. (1989). The antecedents of maltreatment: Results of the Mother-Child Interaction Research Project. In D. Cicchetti & V. Carlson (Eds.), Child maltreatment: Theory and research on the causes and consequences of child abuse and neglect (p. 203–253). Cambridge University Press. Retrieved December 11, 2020, from

Background: It presents a summary of the results of research conducted on the antecedents of child maltreatment by the Mother-Child Interaction Research Project at the University of Minnesota, which was specifically designed to address these issues / this is a prospective, longitudinal research program that has employed a multivariate measurement strategy to examine the antecedents and consequences of child maltreatment in a sample of mothers selected for being “at risk” for poor parenting etiological factors in child maltreatment, child characteristics, characteristics of the environment, the selection of an appropriate integrative model for research on the antecedents of child maltreatment.

How I Used It: Through a reliable test that was used in this study, It was possible to measure the children’s development, including cognitive and socio-emotional development. A significant difference was found between the children that were emotionally abused and not emotionally abused. I believe this work was really meaningful for my research since it offers a measurable comparison to its readers.

6.Miller, Alice. 1991. Breaking down the wall of silence: the liberating experience of facing painful truth. New York, N.Y., U.S.A.: Dutton. Retrieved December 11, 2020, from

Background: In her book, Miller incorporates psychohistorical analysis of Hitler, Stalin, and Ceausescu to reveal the links between the horrors of their childhoods and the horrors they inflicted on the world. She pleads for an awareness of society’s role in child abuse and for recognition of the victim.

How I Used It: Alice Miller uses her own experiences in her books and too often admits the fact that she was not a good mother to her child. Through her own experiences, she brings up important aspects of being an emotionally abused child. She bravely says that our society gives parents the freedom of abusing their own kids and no one interrupts when it occurs. I think her point of view can help readers realize some simple facts that we are familiar with, but don’t see as abuse.

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