Annotated Bibliography- MysteryLimbo

1.Hess, A. (2018, November 12). California is paying inmates $1 an hour to fight wildfires. Retrieved from

Background: This article is about how California is paying inmates $1 an hour to fight wildfires. Abigail Hess goes into depth on how prisoners. In specific it is when prisoners volunteer as a firefighter and risking their lives just as much as regular firefighters. Hess’ working saying, “Roughly 14,000 firefighters battled the Mendocino fires. Among them were over than 2,000 inmates.” meaning there are enough inmates that serve in California to make further Hess’ argument. I used her work to show there are prisoners willing to risk their lives yet they get paid so little and no freedom.

How I used it: Throughout my research paper I used Hess’ article by making the comparison of firefighters in Mendocino, California showing that regular firefighters only outnumber inmate firefighters 7 to 1.   How I used Hess’ work was by displaying it eliminating any possible rebuttals of letting the opposition trying to discuss dangerous criminals participate. Dangerous criminals like a rapist, murders, and other violent criminal are not allowed to participate in the program.

2.Goss, J., & Hayes, J. (2018, February). California’s Changing Prison Population. Retrieved from

Background: The work done by Joseph Hayes and Justin Goss is showing California’s prison population is decreasing from being one of the highest in the country to a steady decrease of over time. That is due to fiscal reform and new legislation.

How I used it: I used  Joseph Hayes and Justin Goss works to show that there is only a certain amount of power that the state government could have. The federal government has more money and would be able to with each state wear

3.Haynes, Chrysse. “The First Step Act.” Equal Justice Under Law, 30 Aug. 2018,

Background: The background behind the first step act is that mass incarceration is becoming a growing certain for many. The more as time passes the more educated people will get on the subject. The first step act enables criminals to collect credit while in prison to get a lighter sentence. The step act is known as the most recent activity for prison reform.

How I used it: I used the first step act because it shows that bipartisan does exist today in the United States. Both sides are still willing to move with one another. The first step act is weak and I drove that point home in my paper. The first step act only affects those the government decided to hand pick in prison. The non-violent offenders should all have the shed of light.

4.J., Amos. (2013). Crime Rates Linked To Educational Attainment, 2013 Alliance Report Finds. Retrieved from

Background: The background behind this article is there’s a direct link between the lack of education and crime rates. Crime is something everyone should care about because safety is arguably something one should care about the most. Your safety is what matters the most but when the people in prison have done nothing violent and still have to sit in a cell for the rest of their life. That just isn’t fair considering these people most likely weren’t the most privileged and isn’t educated.

How I used it: I used this article by Amos by using discussing how important education is. The spread of information and propaganda can be simply diffused by education. An educated society is very possible in America. Politicians need to invest in the future rather than temporary fixes. Using this article to show that education plays such a huge role and politician rather keep people uneducated and in prison. There is a generation of prisoners and it is sad to see the same people in the system.

5.Highest to Lowest – Prison Population Total. (2018). Retrieved from

Background: The work done by prison studies is simply the list of the prison population. The prison population beginning with the highest population all the way to the bottom. The study was done at Birkbeck University giving the research validity.How I used It: I used this article by introducing the stats that the university published. I compared the number of prisoners from each country. I found and analyzed the United States has the highest prisoner population and it only gets worse with more people being arrested every day. The justice system is biased to those with money and it seemly ignores money and that’s why so many people are in prison due to lack of fund or education.

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