Bibliography- Icedcoffeeislife

  1. Hanton, S., & Connaughton, D. (2020). Perceived control of anxiety and its relationship to self-confidence and performance. Retrieved 2021, from
    1. Background: This article is focusing on the relationship between anxiety and self-confidence in swimmers. The study was conducted to see what the true effects were on a swimmer’s performance. Thought the article made clear the effects that were being made and techniques to get over 
    2. How I use it: I used this article as a way to show how anxiety can affect the way a swimmer performs in a meet. Seeing The effects that anxiety has on a swimmer’s self-confidence, is connected to how a swimmer performs. 
  1. Jones, G., & Hanton, S. (2019). Interpretation of Competitive anxiety symptoms and goal attainment Expectancies. Retrieved 2021, from
    1. Background: The focal point of the article was to see how anxiety was connected to swimmers creating goals in their sport. Swimmers creating their goals, have to take into consideration if their anxiety is going to affect if they achieve these goals or not. The study was done to see how many athletes achieved their goals and how some could not achieve them.
    2. How I used it: This article helps me understand better how anxiety affects a swimmer’s goals. Either it is to determine what their goals should be or how they are planning on executing the goal in the water. Anxiety can take away the motivation to finish or create a goal.
  1. Van Rheenen, D. (1999). Academic motivation and the student athlete. Retrieved 2021, from
    1. Background: This study done by the Behavioral Sciences focuses on the difference between men’s and women athlete’s mood changes during training. Looking at the changes in their mood throughout training, allowed us to have a better understanding of how to help athletes get over their mood and get back to focusing on their training. 
    2. How I used it: This article helped show how an athlete’s mood may change throughout training. Well also showing that not all athletes go through the same moods and feel the same thought-out training. I used this as a way of showing that anxiety does not affect every person the same. 
  1. Cia, S. (2000). Physical exercise and mental health: A content integrated approach in coping with college students’ anxiety and depression. Retrieved from
    1. Background: In the article, it focused on a study that was done on how tai chi was used to help student-athletes that are suffering from anxiety and depression. The study was done throughout a couple of weeks. At the end of the study, student-athletes showed improvement on how to handle their anxiety through tai chi. But in the end, tai chi was only helpful for a couple of weeks. 
    2. How I used It: The common understanding of anxiety is that different people are faced with different levels of it. Though tai chi is one of the ways that a person can overcome their anxiety. But this does not mean that it is helpful for every person. With giving an understanding of different methods to help with anxiety, there is not always a one-way fix.
  1. Page, S. J. (1999). The Effects of Imagination on Female College Swimmer’s Perceptions of Anxiety. Retrieved from
    1. Background: The article focuses on how imagery affects female swimmers’ anxiety. Imagery is a type of technique used to help athletes lower their stress in their sport. In the article, a study is done throughout the swim season. With imagery, some swimmers were able to lower their anxiety levels where others did not feel or see any change, 
    2. How I used it: I used this evidence as a way of showing a different technique that is used by some athletes that helped them lower their anxiety and stress levels. This technique brought in different ideas than other types of techniques, because the main focus of imagery is to try to imagine the races you’re swimming. By doing this it is taking the stress out of the races. 
  1. Stoa, R., Fogaça, J., & Johnsen, L. (2020). Feel the Pressure: Stress and Intrinsic Motivation in Collegiate Swimmers. Retrieved 2021, from
    1. Background: This article provides the proper need in the background effects that anxiety has on swimmer’s motivation. Focusing on the motivational aspect of swimming and anxiety can either positively or negatively affect a swimmer. In the study, they look at different aspects of what makes a swimmer motivated. Through their training, coaches, and personal goals. 
    2. How I used it: I used this article to show how anxiety can either have a negative or positive effect on a swimmer’s motivation. Showing examples from the study on how swimmers were affected, made it easier to show the effects that anxiety has. 
  1. Hongmei Li, J. (2017). Preseason anxiety and depressive symptoms and Prospective injury risk in collegiate athletes – Hongmei Li, Jennifer J. Moreland, Corinne Peek-Asa, Jingzhen YANG, 2017. Retrieved April 17, 2021, from
    1. Background: In the article done by the American Journal of sports medicine, they write about the effects that preseason anxiety affects in season injury. Looking at the preseason anxiety, made it clear that even when a swimmer is not in season they are still caning on the pressure of the training and competing on them. The conclusion of the article showed that swimmers that suffered from more preseason anxiety were more likely to suffer from an injury.
    2. How I used it: This article provides useful information on how anxiety from swimming can affect them when they are not in season and can cause injury later in life. The evidence made it clear that there is a large number of athletes that go through preseason anxiety and how it affects them. Using the information from the article helps form a more in-depth thesis. 
  1. Vacher, P., Nicolas, M., Martinent, G., & Mourot, L. (2017, June 07). Changes of swimmers’ emotional States during the preparation of National Championship: DO recovery-stress States MATTER? Retrieved April 17, 2021, from
    1. Background: The article focuses on the changing emotional state of swimmers before their championship meet. The study that was conducted in an article looked at atlas over 4 months leading out to their championship meet. Leading up to the championship swimmer’s emotions were on a Rollercoaster motion. Going from happiness to anger, to excitement to anxiety. This made it clear that an emotional state of a swimmer is changing constantly and no one swimmer is the same. 
    2. How I used it: Taking the information that I learned from the article made it clear that every swimmer has their own emotions when it comes to competing. Some swimmers are not faced with a lot of stress, where others can go from being happy to stress in a matter of seconds just from swimming practices. This strengthens my thesis that swimmers will face some type of stress thought their swimmer career. 
  1. Hatteberg, S. (2015). Institutional stress and compromised social support in collegiate athletics: The student-athlete experience. Retrieved April 17, 2021, from
    1. Background: The article is focusing on a study that looks at the stress and social support that students- athletes face. Student-athletes are faced with more pressure ten regular students due to the pressure they get to perform well in school and competition. This type of stress creates anxiety in athletes. With a look at the support that athletes get either through their coaches, a teammate, or a sorts psychologies. 
    2. How I used it: Taking this information into my writing. Help strengthen my argument. Looking at the compilation that the pressure that is put on student-athletes compared to other students is a breeding ground for creating anxiety or depression. 
  1. Van Rheenen, D. (1999). Academic motivation and the student athlete. Retrieved 2021, from
    1. Background: The purpose of this study was to see the stress that was formed from student-athletes between their sport and school to see how they dealt with the stress. The athletes that were selected were given a survey every week to take. At the end of the study, it was shown that athletes that were success-orientated were to do better than student-athletes that were not. 
    2. How I used it: I used this information when I was writing my definition argument the most. Looking into how different athletes approach they take to deal with their anxiety Some ways are more successful than others. This just showed that every athlete is different and they have different ways of dealing with being a student-athletes. 
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