- Nelson, D. (2011, October 31). The Cruelest Show on Earth. Retrieved from https://www.motherjones.com/environment/2011/10/ringling-bros-elephant-abuse/
Background: It seems counterintuitive that circus’ would treat their show animals with cruelty, however it is more common than people think. These animals are constantly chained up and are not taken care of when they are ill. They are even shocked and whipped constantly. They are even put on 3 day train rides without any breaks. For example, an elephant named Kenny was a show animal in “The Greatest Show on Earth” put on by the Ringling Bros. but unfortunately one day he had fallen sick. He had stomach problems after the morning show and after the afternoon show, he began bleeding from his bottom. He also started to struggle to even stand up. Under law, animals are supposed to get medical attention and a veterinarian’s approval before performing again. After looking at Kenny, the Vet said that he was not able to perform the evening show and prescribed him antibiotics. Unfortunately, they made Kenny perform anyway but he couldn’t do any stunts because he was too weak. After the show, they gave him some fluids and put him in his stall. Hours later, they sadly found his body in his stall. The U.S. Department of Agriculture charged Feld Entertainment with 2 violations for making Kenny perform when he was sick and could barely stand. This was just one of many examples of how elephants are mistreated. There are tons of videos showing them being shocked and whipped. It takes a lot for the USDA to do something about it. Even that isn’t much by just fining them tons of money.
How I used it: I used this article as background information. It helped me determine some different ways of abusing an animal as well as how the abuse is in a different environment.
2. Denham, B. E. (2014). Intermedia attribute agenda setting in the new york times: The case of animal abuse in U.S. horse racing. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 91(1), 17-37. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.rowan.edu/login?url=https://www-proquest-com.ezproxy.rowan.edu/docview/1515694974?accountid=13605
Background: It seems counterintuitive that people in horse racing would treat the horses extremely poor however it happens more than people think. The horses are whipped constantly whipped and treated with disrespect. For example, in 2012, the New York times published a lot of investigative reports, news articles and editorials addressing the problems with U.S. horse racing. Deceased and injured horses, equine drug use and the way trainers handled the horses was all written about by the times. Other news stories caught on to this topic as well. They treat their animals that make them lots of money like they’re nothing.
How I used it: I used this article as back ground information. It allowed me to familiarize myself with the abuse in another area besides the home and how different it is compared to abuse at home.
3. Mcphedran, S. (2009). Animal abuse, family violence, and child wellbeing: A review. Journal of Family Violence, 24(1), 41-52. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.rowan.edu/10.1007/s10896-008-9206-3
Background: Family violence and Animal abuse tend to exist in the same household more often than people think. A poor childhood can result in bad parenting and bad care of pets. This leads to animal abuse which causes injured pets and maybe even deceased. Pets are often thought as other family members so if family violence is present within the house then you can assume that animal abuse should be present as well. As stated within the article, Animals can become victims within a troubled household because some people think of them as property.
How I used it: I cited information from this article. This one really helped convey my paper because it talked a lot about how animal abuse exists within the household and how it affects the people within the household. This gave me some great background information as well.
4. Georgina Mills. Reporting cases of animal abuse. (2019). The Veterinary Record, 185(17), 524. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.rowan.edu/10.1136/vr.l6294
Background: It is counterintuitive that Vet’s wouldn’t report all suspected cases of animal abuse, however they don’t report it as much as people think. It’s not proven but it is strongly suspected by these vets from the owners. For example, in a study, they found that a third of vet’s have had at least one case of suspected animal abuse in the past year but only half of them reported it. Vet’s only receive two hours of training on this topic which really isn’t enough. This is an important part of caring for animals. The vet’s are only making their job a lot harder and causing more pain for the animal if in fact it is being abused.
How I used it: I cited information from this article. This talks a lot about how suspected animal abuse goes unreported which I think is an important aspect to my paper. It shows that this can be one more thing that can prevent animal abuse from continuing.
5. Thomas J. Mowen, John H. Boman. (2020) Explaining Animal Abuse Among Adolescents: The Role of Speciesism. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 36, pages 088626052095964. https://www-tandfonline-com.ezproxy.rowan.edu/doi/full/10.1080/01639625.2019.1595373?scroll=top&needAccess=true
Background: Animal Abuse can be caused to a variety of different things. Social scientists have tied it to interpersonal violence, illegal gun possession, substance use, and anti social behaviors as well. The FBI did a study to gather more data about animal abuse and the big broad topic that was picked was “other” for reasons why they chose to abuse the animal. It shows that people still really don’t know much about this topic and why it happens. All the topics listed previously however, are some of the main reasons.
How I used it: I cited this information within my paper. This article really points out some other reasons on why the animal is abused. It shows that there are still unknown factors of why people abuse animals.
6. AGNEW, R. (1998). The Causes of Animal Abuse: A Social-Psychological Analysis. Theoretical Criminology, 2(2), 177–209. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362480698002002003
Background: This article talks a lot about the Psychological stand point of animal abuse. It shows that some people like cock fighters and hunters have a mind set where these animals were put on this planet for these very reasons. They are put on this planet to fight and be killed. They believe that the abuse is justified. It talks a lot about how certain people think that the abuse is beneficial and why it is.
How I used it: I cited this information from this article. It points out some different mindsets on why these people abuse animals. It points out how some people where their job requires abuse find that the animal abuse is beneficial.
7. Gullone, E. (2011). Conceptualising Animal Abuse with an Antisocial Behaviour Framework. Animals (Basel), 1(1), 144–160. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani1010144
Background: This article points out how a mental illness can cause animal abuse. It talks about how Antisocial behavior is the main illness that conveys the abuse. It also talks about how aggressiveness is another big thing that causes animal abuse. People with these mental illnesses unfortunately tend to commit animal abuse a lot more often.
How I used it: I cited from this article in my paper. It really helped me point out some other reasons on why animal abuse is committed. Antisocial tends to be the big mental illness that causes this abuse.
8. Hughes, L. (2020). The Crime of Animal Abuse in Two Nonwestern Cities: Prevalence, Perpetrators, and Pathways. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 36(1), 67–94. https://link-springer-com.ezproxy.rowan.edu/article/10.1007/s10940-019-09417-w
Background: This article talks a lot about how some people believe there are some kind of rewards to animal abuse. The perpetrators feel that they are impressing others by abusing animals. It’s like they’re trying to show a type of dominance over others and using the animal as an example. This article also talks about how people with very little self control tend to commit animal abuse as well.
How I used it: I used this article as background information. It helped me how and why people abuse the animals. It gave me some great information of how the perpetrators think when abusing an animal.
9. Dedel, K. (2012). Center for Problem-Oriented Policing. Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://popcenter.asu.edu/content/animal-cruelty-0
Background: This article talks a lot about the overall problem of animal abuse. The abuse animals go through, what counts as animal abuse, and what causes it. It also includes a bunch of different questions for people to ask themselves to determine if they are abusive towards animals or not. It also talks about some warning signs of animal cruelty which can help stop the abusive behavior.
How I used this: I used this article as background information. This article was a big help when writing my paper. It helped to identify some of the big reasons why animal abuse is committed as well as some of the warning signs of animal abuse.
10. Sentient Media. (2020, October 08). What Is Animal Cruelty and How Can We Stop it For Good? Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://sentientmedia.org/animal-cruelty/
Background: This article is another article that talks about the overall problem of animal abuse. It explains a lot of the different forms of animal abuse and how it’s caused. It talks about why people abuse animals and what the predators believe they’re gaining from abusing the animal. It also talks about how other crimes are related to animal abuse. It also points out some of the animals that suffer the most from the abuse.
How I used this: I used this article as background information to further my knowledge on animal abuse. This really gave me a lot of detail on animal abuse and a lot of the different aspects of it like what kind of abuse there is, how the abuse is caused and even which animals suffer the most from the abuse.
11. Hrubenja, A. (2020, July 14). 37 Deeply Disturbing Animal Abuse Statistics & Facts. Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://petpedia.co/animal-abuse-statistics/
Background: This article talked a lot about the different aspects of Animal Abuse. There are 34 facts stated as well as 3 frequently asked questions. The article goes into depth in every one of those. It talks about a lot of different kinds of animals and how they’re abused and how often they past away due to the abuse.
How I used it: I cited information from this article. This article was very helpful and the information I found in this really helped support my argument. Pointing out all the different aspects of Animal Abuse really helped me find some great information.
12. Wisch, R. F. (1970, January 01). Full Title Name: Table of Veterinary Reporting Requirement and Immunity Laws. Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://www.animallaw.info/topic/table-veterinary-reporting-requirement-and-immunity-laws
Background: This article talks about Veterinarians reporting animal abuse. It goes by state on what the laws are regarding animal abuse and how to report it and whether it’s even necessary. It states that 20 states are required to report suspected animal abuse and 14 that don’t require it to be reported.
How I used it: I cited this article in my paper. It was very helpful when I brought up points about Veterinarians reporting animal abuse to the authorities. It really helped me to support my argument.
13. Humane Society. (n.d.). Animal cruelty and neglect FAQ. Retrieved November 18, 2020, from https://www.humanesociety.org/resources/animal-cruelty-and-neglect-faq
Background: This article has a lot of different frequently asked questions about animal abuse. Under each question it has an answer and goes into depth. The questions talk about a lot of different ways how people can help with animal abuse like how to report it and what they can do to help fight it. It also talks about what animal abuse is and why it is a concern.
How I used it: I cited information from this article. This helped support my argument and I was able to put myself in the readers point of view. I believe it helped answer some questions my readers may have.
14. Hovel, H. (2019). The Connection Between Animal Abuse and Human Violence. Kingston, New York: New York State Humane Association. doi:https://www.nyshumane.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Hovell-H-Animal-Abuse-Web-print-2-2020-edition-OPTIM-ToC-revised3.pdf
Background: This article talks all about animal abuse and all the aspects of it. It talks about how stopping animal cruelty can help humans as well. It also explains how animal cruelty is linked to many different crimes and how domestic violence factors in to animal abuse. It explains how psychiatric patients were abused as children and committed animal abuse at a younger age.
How I used it: I cited information from this article. There is a lot of information in this article which really helped me to cite a lot of important information to help support my argument.