14 Class MON MAR 11

Wake Up 1

SPECIMEN:
THE VAGUE AND INEFFECTIVE RANSOM NOTE.

Ransom General

SPECIMEN:
THE SPECIFIC AND HIGHLY EFFECTIVE RANSOM NOTE.

Ransom Specific

Reply below how this comparison of two Ransom Notes helps you understand the value of very specific claims and illustrative language.


Wake Up 2


Lecture/Demo

The Task

15 Responses to 14 Class MON MAR 11

  1. doorknob9 says:

    Note- The best time for evidence is the first time you tell people you have evidence. Second paragraph is more detailed than the first paragraph.
    Card Trick- 7 shuffles in a deck to introduce randomness, “first” time all 52 cards are spread out on the table like they are. Chances are infinitely bigger than that. 1in 8×10^67th are the odds that the cards were set up the way they were. The impossible happens everyday.
    Types of Arguments are:
    Single Cause with a Single Effect (X causes Y)
    Single Cause with Several Effects (X causes Y and Z)
    Several Causes for a Single Effect (Both X and Y cause Z)
    A Causal Chain (X causes Y, which causes Z)
    Causation Fallacy (X does not cause Y)
    Most obvious cause may not be the real cause, and also may not be the only cause.
    Gravity and time are the cause of absolutely everything.

  2. biggarz7 says:

    First drafts tend to be very vague and not to the point
    Make sure you use words that get the reader to understand what you’re saying
    We do the impossible everyday don’t take life for granted
    Pretty much everything in life has a cause and effect
    X causes Y and/or Z
    X and Y causes Z
    Five general types of causes

  3. jets1313 says:

    Notes;
    If every star in our galaxy had a trillion planets, each with a trillion people living on them, and each of these people has a trillion packs of cards and somehow they manage to make unique shuffles 1,000 times per second, and they’d been doing that since the Big Bang, they’d only just now be starting to repeat shuffles.
    – it is basically impossible to generate the same deck of cards

    casual arguments:
    – objections are irrelevant to causal arguments
    -Single Cause with a Single Effect (X causes Y)
    – Single Cause with Several Effects (X causes Y and Z)
    – Several Causes for a Single Effect (Both X and Y cause Z)
    – A Causal Chain (X causes Y, which causes Z)
    – Causation Fallacy (X does not cause Y)

  4. nousernamefound1 says:

    -Types of Causal Arguments

    Single Cause with a Single Effect
    (X causes Y)
    Example- Facebook can cost us our jobs
    X= facebook
    Y= job
    Single Cause with Several Effects
    (X causes Y and Z)
    Example- We Are the Casualties of the War on Drugs
    Several Causes for a Single Effect
    (Both X and Y cause Z)
    Example- There’s No One Explanation for Gangs
    A Causal Chain
    (X causes Y, which causes Z)
    Example- Failure to Prosecute Rape Causes Rape
    Causation Fallacy
    (X does not cause Y)
    Example- Violent Games Are Not the Missing Link
    (Violent games do not cause any problems.)

    -In Class Exercise
    Single Cause with a Single Effect- students will get what they want out of higher education and won’t fall into the trap of underemployment
    Single Cause with Several Effects-After years of budget cuts and continuing austerity, universities and colleges collectively face a shortfall
    Several Causes for a Single Effect – All of this complicates even the most innovative attempts to reduce the price of college
    A Causal Chain-Every year we lose ground and costs increase
    Causation Fallacy- increasing tuition doesn’t affect the enrollment of students.

    -Draft Causal Argument
    The author of this piece could have used a different scenario when discussing racism in America. The tragedy of 9/11 doesn’t really fit this situation. The author could have talked about the BLM movement or any other killings of young black men in America. The details he/she used was terrible actually. If I was her I would change my topic or change the main hypothesis.

    Casual Argument-
    Due midnight SUN MAR 24.

  5. yourfavoriteanon says:

    Notes:
    – No vague claims
    – Specific and detailed writing is way more effective in grabbing the reader’s attention
    – The order of the shuffle cards is the first in history because the odd against it would be 8 x 10^52
    – The odds of me existing would be similar to the card trick but here we hare
    – The research consists of the definition, causal and rebuttal
    ~ Definiton- defining ______
    ~ Causal- why X and Y cause Z
    ~ Rebuttal- why the strongest opposing thesis is wrong
    – Different types of causal statements
    – Some correlations look like causations but are false causations (needs evidence)

  6. chavanillo says:

    Warm up 1:
    – Safety of her husband. How many money to safe because I will impact husband point of view.
    – The second paragraph makes more sense then the first one.
    – You need to open ended hat makes sense and provide details later in the paper.

    Wake up:
    – The only way in the world that this order of the clads exist because is 8 time 10 to the 57 is a large number. Meaning that how the card is listed it might never happened again.
    8*10 to the 67
    WE ARE IMPOSSIBLE:
    – These, numbers, the incomprending enormity of the odds against everyday occurrence to remind you, again, that we, the world and that ability to perceive anything we want to do.

    -Go to the agenda for the due dates.

    TYPES OF CAUSAL ARGUMENT:
    – While you put your arguments together, decide what sort of framework suits your argument best:
    symbol expect of ur hypothesis.
    – Single cause with several effects
    Doing a casual argument
    “You could argue that the prohibition of certain desirable substances leads inevitably to a frenzied underground and by definition criminal enterprise to meet the demand.
    You could argue that criminals aren’t always scrupulous about the quality of the contraband they deliver and that their product often harms or kills.
    You could point out the countless people languishing in jails for owning small amounts of something that used to be legal.
    You might want to mention that drug use, even sanctioned use of safe prescription drugs, can be very detrimental in and of itself, but your comments would be completely irrelevant to the causal argument.
    You might also want to say that drug dealers get what’s coming to them when they deal in illicit materials and it’s wrong to blame cops for killing them, but again, that’s irrelevant to the question of whether the War on Drugs results in death”

    Many causes resolve in many effects (don’t use it like this.

    Cold say that X cause y, which causes z:
    -“There’s No One Explanation for Gangs”
    The premise is usually employed to refute the “common knowledge” that a single cause can be blamed for an effect. If you’ve chosen a topic about which everybody “knows” the cause and effect, your causal essay will dispute the notion that there is in fact a single cause.

    You could produce evidence that gangs are more prevalent in public housing projects than in suburban neighborhoods, but with special care. You still won’t have identified the cause, only the location of the cause.
    You could produce evidence that a large majority of the kids in gangs come from families without a present, positive, male role model, but with great care in how you describe the situation, to avoid using misleading shortcuts like “kids with no dads.”
    You could describe gangs as often engaged in petty criminal activity or as pointlessly obsessed with territorial disputes, but it’s completely irrelevant to your causal argument to describe what happens after a kid is in the gang when you intend to prove why he joined it in the first place.”

    ALSO I COULS USE X DOES NOT CAUSE Y
    The argument could be a causation fallacy

    Causation Basics
    We make causation statements all the time, without necessarily realizing that we’re engaged in argument and proof.

    CAUSATION STATEMENTS;
    1) The Sixers lost because T J McConnell went 1/5 from the floor.
    –Failure of the guard to light it up from 3-point range cost the team a win.
    2) His parents’ divorce made it difficult for Charles to form lasting relationships
    –Early childhood trauma caused Charles’s three divorces
    3) A dispute over abortion prevented the government from passing a budget
    –A small detail kept a huge compromise from being finalized

    1) Immediate Cause
    –Deep philosophical differences between Republicans and Democrats caused the US Congress to have difficulty passing a budget last week. But tiny matters like the funding of a few abortions can be cited as the Immediate Cause of the last-minute budget crisis. So an immediate cause and a persistent conflict combine to create an episodic effect.
    2) Remote Cause
    –It’s been decades since Charles’s parents divorced, but the lingering effects of that childhood trauma do bedevil his relationships with women to this day. The immediate cause of his third divorce is that he visits hookers, but he blames the remote cause instead when he talks to his therapist.
    3) Precipitating Cause
    –Very similar to the immediate cause, the precipitating cause is the sudden change that allows an underlying cause to have its way with objects or events. We should say gravity caused the car to roll downhill into the bay, but we’ll probably say instead it was the failure of the brakes.
    4) Contributing Cause
    –The Sixers don’t have the skilled players to match up against the Boston Celtics most nights—in fact, have lost 15 of their last 17 starts against the team—and that’s always the underlying cause for their losing when they do, but on this particular night, the lackluster performance of one player contributed to the skill mismatch that caused a loss.

    FALSE CAUSATIONS;
    Here’s a case study from Freakonomics. Annie does well in school because?:
    –Annie always brings her lunch in a brown bag
    –Annie gets nothing but support for good scholastic performance
    –Annie’s parents are both brilliant
    –Annie’s parents don’t let her watch much television
    –Annie’s house is full of books
    –Annie was born after a full 9-month gestation

    Task:
    Due march 25 (march 24 midnight)
    Casual argument-username
    Write your second Short Argument paper.
    The paper will take the form of a Causal Argument as described above.
    Identify and explain the strongest cause and effect sequence in your argument.
    Anticipate and refute rebuttals to your causal analysis if necessary.
    Include References.
    Call your post Causal Argument—Username.
    Place it in two categories, Causal Argument, and your username.
    But in addition to that placeholder title, also give your essay a genuine title, centered above the text, using Initial Capitals (like the I and C in Initial Capitals).

  7. mysterylimbo says:

    Being vague and opened ended facts. Including mentioning evidence without stating your evidence is never a smart idea. The point of mentioning and not stating the point is obsolete and makes the point irrelevant. The casual essay is a version of a compare and contrast essay but it’s less linear giving the writer more of an ability to convey their message. The writer has the opportunity to make a casual claim through their hypothesis. Immediate, remote, precipitating, and contributing cause. Don’t correlate make sure it is a cause and effect format.

  8. g903254 says:

    These two ransom notes show the difference in being vague and being direct. These very specific claims in the second note shows how serious the writers are than the other note. This allows for the reader to understand the language that the writer uses.

    Casual Argument Types
    X causes Y
    extremely straightforward

    X causes Y and Z

    X and Y cause Z

    X causes Y, which causes Z

    X does not cause Y

  9. nina525 says:

    The difference between vague and undefined claims
    the difference from a ransom note and your essay writing
    The first not was unclear and the reader was unable to understand what the kidnapper wanted
    The second note gave specific instructions and told the reader what would happen if these instructions are not carried out properly
    We will make clear arguments
    Explain and identify the situation
    The worlds simplest card trick: when you shuffle cards and lay them out on a table, there is a huge possibility that that order of cards will never be produced again
    The impossible occurs all the time
    One cause for one effect
    Causal claim: X causes Y which causes Z
    A cycle of a causal claim
    One cause several effects
    Causation fallacy
    Several causes, single effect
    A casual chain
    Find a correlation in writing

  10. nyaj32 says:

    Ransom notes: The second note is ,such more specific than the first. The first one is like our first draft of an essay and the second one is like after we have reviewed and rewritted out essay.
    Simple Card Trick: How the cards were laid out is the first time in history that they have been laid out like that.
    Causal Arguments- Many different types. One is even to show that something does not cause it’s result. We must write our own causal argument essay based on our hypothesis.
    Types of causation statements- immediate cause, remote cause, precipitating cause. All three types usually play into why things happen as an effect to a cause.

  11. hazelnutlatte123 says:

    – first drafts usually written vaguely, but should go on to have much more detail to make sure your readers understand exactly what you are saying and what is going on
    – the way the cards have been arranged will never happen again, and has Never happened before
    – there is a 1 in 8 x 10^67 chance that the cards will get arranged like that again
    – causal essay= why something is happening/ explanation
    -examination of some sort of causal aspect of hypothesis
    – X causes Y arguments (Facebook costs us our jobs)… one cause for one effect
    – single cause with several effects (we are the casualties in the war on drugs)
    – X AND Y cause Z (many reasons someone would join a gang)… several causes for one effect
    – in 1,000 you can really only handle a single cause or a causal chain (X causes Y which then causes Z)
    – types of causation statements: immediate, remote, precipitating, contributing

  12. wazoo1234 says:

    Causal essay:
    one cause for one effect.
    single cause with many effects.
    Multiple things cause 1 thing.
    Better to chose one of these than many causes and many effects.
    1,000 words is not enough to write about too many causes and effects.
    X does not cause Y
    Every thesis can have a causal argument that can have 1000 words.
    there are causes for everything that occurs.
    Not right or wrong
    why this causes that.

  13. rowanstudent2 says:

    Wakeup
    Ransom Note
    – as writers, we don’t want to be vague, but want to make our readers have a clear picture of our writing
    – first drafts usually don’t have enough evidence for the final writing product
    World’s Simplest Card Trick
    – the impossible happens everyday

    Causal Argument
    – one cause and one effect
    – one cause can have several effects or several causes can have one effect
    – causal chain is a cause that has an effect and that effect has an effect too
    – causation fallacy is a cause that shows there’s no effect
    – should identify one or more cause-and-effect relationships essential to proving thesis
    Causation Basics
    – we make causation statements all the time, without necessarily realizing that we’re engaged in argument and proof
    Types of Causation Statements
    – immediate cause
    – remote cause
    – precipitating cause
    – contributing cause
    Correlation as False Causation

  14. daphneblake25 says:

    -talk to your readers by telling them exactly what’s going on unlike a gangster on a phone who thinks they’re tapped and other people are listening.
    -three arguments: definition; causal, and rebuttal are all for forwarding our hypothesis
    -causal argument can be x causes y ox x causes y and z
    – avoid haphazard causal claims
    -avoid large claims on little evidence
    -“helmets prevent injury”- causal argument
    -causation statements are in normal speech

  15. pomegranate4800 says:

    Notes:
    – We clearly describe things because we want the reader to know exactly what we’re talking about.
    – The “card trick” showed us that we are impossible.
    – There are many types of causal arguments.
    – You can write about several causes for a single effect, an x and y effect. In 1000 words you can really only explain why x causes y. You don’t really have the room for multiple y’s.
    – Make a causal argument based on your topic.
    – If it is important to your argument you can do a “does not” cause.
    – Time and gravity cause everything.

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