White Paper – rosekeyd

My Hypothesis:

Due to the natural tendency for humans to categorize, stereotyping has lead to strong prejudices and racism across America.

Weir, K. (2017, October). What’s at the root of racial stereotyping? Retrieved February 28, 2021, from https://www.apa.org/monitor/2017/10/stereotyping

Studies have shown that black Americans with more Afrocentric features, like as darker skin, coarser curlier hair and bigger lips, are more often perceived more negatively and more stereotypically than those with less Afrocentric features—even by members of their own racial group (Personality and Social Psychology Review, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2004).”If you bring it up in an interracial context, it can challenge majority [white] people’s idea that the world is a fair place. It upsets the status quo,” he says. “As a result, black people who bring up the idea often experience backlash. There’s this idea they are ‘playing the race card.” Because of all the negatives about stereotyping people often find themselves defending themselves when people challenge who they really are.

Zawisza, M. (2020, June 11). The terrifying power of stereotypes – and how to deal with them. Retrieved February 28, 2021, from https://theconversation.com/the-terrifying-power-of-stereotypes-and-how-to-deal-with-them-101904

Stereotyping has lots of negative effects on people of all cultures, races, sexual identity and age. There is a really high chance that heard these stereotypes because these are hard to avoid from a day to day basis. The simple solution would be just to avoid these negative thoughts but since it’s our human tendency to categorize almost anything this can be hard to disregard. “False beliefs about our abilities easily turn into a voice of self doubt in our heads that can be hard to ignore.”

Daisy GrewalNov. 26, 2., Paul BiermanJan. 21, 2., Saman RazaviJan. 7, 2., Elisabeth PainMar. 21, 2., & Leah H. Somerville, J. (2017, December 11). Reducing the impact of negative stereotypes on the careers of minority and women scientists. Retrieved February 28, 2021, from https://www.sciencemag.org/careers/2010/11/reducing-impact-negative-stereotypes-careers-minority-and-women-scientists#:~:text=Stereotypes%20also%20reduce%20the%20self,about%20his%20or%20her%20group

My paper is mainly focused on the impacts and developments of stereotyping and how that leads to racism and bad images for other races. Stereotypes are a huge part of social science because it impacts the mentality, self esteem and self image for lot’s of people, especially women. This article is focused on ways we can reduce these negative effect of stereotyping by keeping an open mind and trying to understand other peoples point of view. Of Course the world would be an easier place without this negativity but we can only try to get there one step at a time.

What are the causes of stereotypes? (2019, July 11). Retrieved February 28, 2021, from https://blogs.hope.edu/getting-race-right/our-context-where-we-are/the-history-we-inhaled/what-are-the-causes-of-stereotypes/

There are many factor that go into stereotyping which eventually leads to racism and other negatives ideas. Just simply knowing about different social groups often leads to stereotyping. Just the way humans tend to remember things seem to have labels on them to help us remember why it was significant in the first place. Of course there is the Illusory factor of how media and movies depict certain identities as an example or a joke, joking about these stereotypes is obviously not meant to be taken seriously but they leave a lasting impression on the viewer.

Overcoming racial STEREOTYPES // University Counseling Center // University of Notre Dame. (n.d.). Retrieved February 28, 2021, from https://ucc.nd.edu/self-help/multicultural-awareness/overcoming-stereotypes/

On the most basic level , it’s just human nature to categorize people. It’s the humans way of making a complex world much easier to comprehend without more thought. “Racial stereotypes are automatic and exaggerated mental pictures that we hold about all members of a particular racial group”. When people are stereotyped off of race most of the time we take into account any thoughts that don’t line up with what seems to be correct on these stereotypes about other racial group, again to make a complex world not so complex.

Current State of Research Paper:

I feel that my research paper is going pretty well right now. The reason I chose this topic is because it’s something that I’m passionate about and I have lot’s of ideas I can write the issue is that I just need the research to back it up. But I believe these sources are a great push for me to establish my thesis and make it sound legit.

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6 Responses to White Paper – rosekeyd

  1. davidbdale says:

    As an example, this “Conversation” piece is a good overview of a complex subject, but in itself does not qualify as an academic source. It does, however, carefully link to its own (roughly 20) academic sources. I highly recommend you follow those links to break the grip of other people’s already-digested opinions and form your own. I hope one or more of them will help you focus your attention much more narrowly than this example source does.

    The APA source, similarly, paints with a very broad brush, great for a blog post, not the deep analysis into a single thesis that a good research paper exemplifies.

    I say this now, not because you’ve said anything that promises a too-broad approach, but because I want to be on the record now, before you start your short arguments. We didn’t Conference regarding your Hypothesis, so I’ll express my reservations this way.


  2. davidbdale says:

    Your first source flirts with the notion of “phenotypicality bias” that purports to be the heart of your hypothesis but never really addresses is.

    But its focus is much more on the complex mechanics of TALKING about racism and prejudice.

    In a study with former student Jennifer R. Shultz, PhD, he found that white observers were more likely to exhibit backlash against people who made extreme claims of racial bias when the communicator was black rather than white. However, other factors influenced how a communicator was perceived, including the quality of his or her argument and the listener’s beliefs about meritocracy (Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 39, No. 3, 2013). In other words, there is still a lot to unpack in figuring out how best to confront racial bias.

    That would be a fruitful avenue to pursue if you’re so inclined.

    I was disappointed to discover that the article didn’t address what its title promised, “What’s at the root of racial stereotyping?”

    I can’t help but notice that your summary is actually a collection of quotes from the source. The better use of your White Paper is to begin to draft your own language so that when the time comes to publish your Arguments you can retrieve what you’ve already produced and polish it.


  3. davidbdale says:

    Again, your Hypothesis is Causal in nature: Categorizing creates prejudice. But your sources so far address the results of prejudicial attitudes and behaviors. The “Conversation” source, and in particular the quote from it that you isolate, don’t answer the question of how prejudice arises from categorization.

    The simple solution would be just to avoid these negative thoughts but since it’s our human tendency to categorize almost anything this can be hard to disregard. “False beliefs about our abilities easily turn into a voice of self doubt in our heads that can be hard to ignore.”


  4. davidbdale says:

    I’m with you in spirit, Rosekyd, and I believe you to be capable of good research and fine writing, so I don’t enjoy repeating that your summaries of the value of your sources do not match up to your Hypothesis. Your source says, quite usefully,

    Social science research powerfully demonstrates how stereotypes, even those that people are not consciously aware of, can influence the careers of women and minorities. For example, people rate the quality of a scientific paper differently depending on whether they think a man or a woman wrote it.

    Your Hypothesis would guide you to explore HOW THE CATEGORY “high-quality scientific paper” came to exclude “papers written by women.” You say humans naturally categorize. They must have learned to categorize “papers written by women” to belong to the “low-quality” category. How did that happen? appears to be your Hypothesis. Instead, your summaries indicate you want to write about the CONSEQUENCES not the CAUSES of the prejudices that grow from our tendency to categorize.


  5. davidbdale says:

    Your source contains this passage, some of which you have “quoted” without attributing it to the original source (a very dangerous precedent). Leaving the plagiarism question aside for one moment, let’s look at the content.

    We think in terms of the categories we create from our experiences. Those categories clarify the world for us, but they also over-simplify it. At some point, those natural over-simplifications cross the line into stereotypes. We can’t think without using our categories, which makes it difficult to know when our categories hinder, rather than help, our ability to make sense of things.

    This comes as close as anything I’ve seen in your sources to addressing your stated Hypothesis. But, at odds with much of what is contained in the same article, it does not address the difference between our ACTUAL experience with members of the category and our RECEIVED impressions of the characteristics of the category. In other words, when white people base their impressions of black people on what they’ve seen depicted in the media (OTHER PEOPLE’S PERCEPTIONS, NOT THEIR OWN), they’re very much in danger of establishing prejudices with NO BASIS in their own experience. That’s a PERVERSION of the way we form our own ideas from categorizing our experience, isn’t it?

    Your source goes on to say:

    Simply knowing about social groups can lead us to stereotype their members because we assume there must be something important that led to their common classification in the first place, something that makes them essentially alike. We see close up the individual differences among members of our own social groups, but those in other social groups blur together in the distance into a homogeneous whole, everyone a minor variation on the same basic theme.

    “Knowing about social groups” is restricted to the social groups with which we’re intimate. About more distant social groups, we’re at the mercy of the prejudices we RECEIVE from those who broadcast them to us, and we have only our own limited experience to counteract those broad categorizations. I hope you’ll pursue this fruitful line of thinking that actually addresses your stated Hypothesis.


  6. davidbdale says:

    Your grade reflects the current state of your research and thinking on your topic, Rosekyd. This document is a conversation between yourself and your most devoted reader. Use it as such and keep your professor up to date regarding the additions you make here and the improvements to your summaries and arguments. Ask for additional feedback or a regrade AFTER significant improvements. Ask questions or offer suggestions at any time. I want to see your avatar in the Recent Comments section of the sidebar often.


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