Bibliography- CompIIstudent Jones, D. A. (2004). Why Americans Don’t Trust the Media. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 9(2), 60-75. doi:10.1177/1081180×04263461

Background: This is a journal post from 2004 about how Americans no longer trust the media, as a study was taken down to an individual survey to see how citizens felt. This showed that a lot of people felt that the media had “come up short” in certain situations

How I used it: I mainly used this to show how the people who don’t trust the media also don’t trust the government. The quote I used was actually for a point that was part of the rebuttall to my hypothesis., A. (1988, June 1). Attitude Extremity and Trust in Media – Albert Gunther, 1988. Retrieved from

Background: This was an article written in 1988 by Alber Gunther about a study that found a disparancy in trust in media and media coverage in general

How I used it: I used this article in my rebuttal argument to show that the idea of media distrust is not a new idea and has been around for a long time. This is actually part of the rebuttal against my hypothesis, but it was a nessacary point to make. This was mainly because I needed compare media coverage with social media now to back then when social media wasn’t around

The Social and Intellectual Contexts of the U.S. “Newsroom Studies,” and the Media Sociology of Today. (2013, November 21). Retrieved from

Background: This was an article written back in 2015 to show how the media is such a big factor in todays society. It used history of the media dating back to the 70s and 80s and now how that compares today.

How I used it: The point I was refuting was that trust in media is not important to heal the political divide in the country. This article points out the blindspots of people when it comes to the media and how they often don’t look at the big picture of things when they are being covered or talked about by the media

The Trump Presidency, Journalism, and Democracy. (n.d.). Retrieved from attacking media&ots=lTIFpmAvFh&sig=uUEDi7G74S5W5KYko71sceirLVY#v=onepage&q=trump attacking media&f=false

Background: This is a whole book written by multiple authors about how the Trump presidency affected the media and also how it was affected by the media. It takes a deep look into how the two correlated for 4 years

How i used it: This was used for my causal argument, and I used a quote from the first part of the book. The quote described how coverage of Trump’s words and actions directly effected what Trump relayed to his followers on Twitter. Its ageneral look on how social media played a big factor in to Trump’s presidency in general.

Pickard, V. (2016). Media failues in the age of Trump. Retrieved from

Background: This was a study done for the Political Economy of Communication, and it analyzed the relationship between Trump’s campaign and the media that led to his election in 2016.

How I used it: I used this source in my causal argument as a way to show just how much coverage Trump was being given during the process leading up to the election. I found it important to show just how much more he was being covered than the other candidates.

Chris Wells, D. S. (2020, April 2). Trump, Twitter, and news media responsiveness: A media systems approach – Chris Wells, Dhavan Shah, Josephine Lukito, Ayellet Pelled, Jon CW Pevehouse, JungHwan Yang, 2020. Retrieved from

Background: This article was written to show how Trump used Twitter and other forms of social media to propell himself into office.

How I used it: I used this article to describe not only how social media helped to further Trump’s campaign, but also to show how he used social media (mainly Twitter) to stir up controversy and make a bigger name for himself while in office.

(2001). Retrieved from

Background: This was a journal written by Donald Sutter analyzing how and whether or not the media could be too liberal. He came to the conclusion that that narrative was false

How I used it: I used this article to show that even if giant news channels come off as bias, they are only putting out what the higher ups in their corporations want them too. For them it is only a way to make money by pandering to a certain audience.

Matthew Barnidge, A. C. (2017, June 14). Politically Motivated Selective Exposure and Perceived Media Bias – Matthew Barnidge, Albert C. Gunther, Jinha Kim, Yangsun Hong, Mallory Perryman, Swee Kiat Tay, Sandra Knisely, 2020. Retrieved from

Background: This article was written in 2017 when the subject of media bias was very topical. It compared what was happening then to a survey that had been done earlier in the decade on the same subject.

How I used it: I used this article to compare my findings to the study done back in 2011, that way I would not be using situations from Trump’s time in office, but from before then. I did the same thing in other places throughout my paper.

Barnidge, M., Rojas, H., Beck, P. A., & Schmitt-Beck, R. (2019, November 11). Comparative Corrective Action: Perceived Media Bias and Political Action in 17 Countries. Retrieved from

Background: A survey was done in 2019 to see if media bias was present in countrie other thatn the United States

How I used it: I used this article to show that while it may not be as prominent, media bias exists outside of the U.S., which is importnant considering how important the topic has become.

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