15* Class TUE OCT 20

Wake up

Housekeeping

  • Deadline Reminder
    • The middle of the semester comes knocking. And the consequences seem real and immediate. The White Paper that a few weeks ago was a vague pledge to “donate when I get my tax refund” is suddenly an overdue bill, and the Rebuttal Argument certainly can’t be accomplished until my Hypothesis is nailed down to something like a firm Thesis that another author might want to refute.
    • About half of my students are usually ready for this drastic rise in the sea level. The other half feel as if they’re suddenly drowning.
    • Right on cue, students who aren’t ready to fully commit to their research miss a class, maybe two classes. They ignore emails and texts from their professor, figuring that he’s too busy to pester them more than once.
    • Once the deadlines for the Short Arguments are past, they no longer feel like a weight around the neck. It’s easy to let those delinquencies slide for a few days. A week. After 48 hours, they’re already worth no more than 50/100 points, so “what’s the point?”
    • For some, this slide is irreversible.
    • For the in-betweeners, interaction with the professor is something to dread. Coming to class late, leaving early, or sneaking out to avoid confrontation, seems like a reasonable survival technique.
    • I get it.
    • I too put things off.
    • I do them when I absolutely have to.
    • I do them poorly sometimes because I haven’t left myself enough time.
    • But I’m an idiot.
    • You don’t have to be.
    • The people I have to report to are reasonable people who gladly work with me when I acknowledge my thoughtless procrastination, my dread at confronting the problem.
    • Don’t be like me.
    • Be an enlightened version of me.
    • Don’t miss classes. Don’t ignore my texts or emails. Don’t think you’re too late, or too far behind, or too confused to catch up, or too fill-in-the-blank.
    • IT’S THE HALFWAY POINT. (Well, to be honest, it’s past half way.)
    • You can turn this sucker around.
    • I will push you up that hill like nobody else who ever had your back.
    • But I won’t pull you up.
    • You have to take the first step.
    • If you haven’t posted your first Short Argument yet (Definition/Categorical), and if you’re not going to be ready to post your Causal Argument by next week, your Refutation Argument two weeks later, then post them immediately, as soon as you can. Post something that looks like a Definition Argument. Ask for very specific feedback. Get into the game. Pretend it’s essential to you. It might not feel like it right now, but I am your biggest supporter and fan. Until you let it slide.
    • Don’t. Let. It. Slide.
    • Very few of the 50% who start to fade at the middle of the term do well at the end of the course. Beat those odds. Right now.

Lecture/Demo

By the End of the Day

  1. Start a post titled “Causal—Username.”
  2. If you’re ready to start an actual Causal Argument, use this class time to begin the actual process.
  3. If you’re not ready to start writing for real, address your Professor in the first sentence, “I could use some help getting started, Professor.” Something like that.
  4. “Here’s what I have so far,” you might continue, “Since I’m researching the connection between actual crime and crime statistics, I think the cause-and-effect relationship is crucial to my thesis. We THINK that when more crime is committed, the CRIME RATE will reflect that in higher numbers. But actually, it’s the NUMBER OF CRIMES REPORTED AND LAWS ENFORCED that count in the statistics. So . . . “
  5. And before you know it, you’ll be writing your causal argument.
  6. Put the post into the Feedback Please category and the Causal Argument category, and publish it by the end of the day.
  7. Tell me specifically what kind of Feedback you want.

Portfolio Task

19 Responses to 15* Class TUE OCT 20

  1. runnerd4 says:

    Riddle: why the challenger exploded
    challenger looks more like a fighter jet than the rockets before.
    an average citizen was in the challenger: Christa McAuliffe. people were super excited about it and actually watched this one on tv
    when it took off, the jet fuel built up so much pressure in the seams of the rocket
    the O rings could not take the colder temperatures
    the teacher died because the challenger exploded, but did the challenger explode because she was on board?
    two horses: has to do with the sizes of chariots, railcars. distance for two trains to pass=tunnels
    space shuttle pieces had to fit on the trains. If it wasn’t for the size of the tunnel, then they would not need the O rings.
    Causal argument digs deep and looks at the source of the issue.
    possible to write a causal argument in an ethical way

    Make sure to stay on pace!!

    Causal argument
    x causes y
    x causes y and z
    x and y cause z : several causes for a single effect
    x causes y, which causes z
    x does not cause y : probably going to be used with my essay!!!
    speed does not cause crashes, it’s the time two cars are next to each other

  2. rowanstudent24 says:

    10/20 Notes:
    – The Challenger blew up because the O Rings failed. The O rings failed because they were too cold and couldn’t expand the way they needed to. Causal arguments have many many causes. It’s not just a simple one cause and one effect paper.
    – Make sure you stay on top of assignments. You have to have the first drafts as well as the rewrites for your portfolio that shows clear differences based off the feedback for all the short arguments.
    – There are a couple types of causal arguments. Single cause and single effect, Single cause and several effects, several causes for a single effect, a causal chain and a causation Fallacy.

  3. oaktree1234 says:

    Wake Up: Why the Challenger Exploded
    -a spaceshuttle that exploded, january 1986
    -instead of a capsule they made it shaped more like a plane
    -weather was extremely cold for Florida may have caused confections
    – O ring failed
    -why did the challenger fail? this is a causal claim

    chariot was always built just wide enough for two horses- 4ft 8.5 in
    all roads and chariots adopted same measurements
    chariot makers used same tempted to build trains
    if it wasn’t for the size of the tunnel they could have gotten the pieces there in one piece and wouldn’t need O rings
    *the launch failed bc of two horses asses*

    Housekeeping:
    now is not the time to fall behind!!
    By the end of the day start a post called Causal-username

    Lecture: types of causal arguments
    Single cause single effect (X causes Y) “Facebook can cost us our jobs”
    Single cause several effects
    several causes single effects “Why are there gangs”
    causal chain (X causes Y causes Z)
    causation fallacy (X does not cause Y)

    Task: causal argument due 1 week from now

  4. cardinal7218 says:

    Notes
    -why did the Challenger explode? Why did the teacher have to die? These are causal questions, with different kinds of causal answers
    -Answer could be scientific or ethical, or it could be about horses
    -The standard size for arches in the Roman Empire was to accommodate two horses side by side, Roman chariots became trains, the standard for tunnel sizes was to fit two trains side by side
    -With the Challenger, there were O rings because the boosters had to be shipped in pieces because they had to fit on trains which all goes back to the width of two horses
    -When you make a causal argument, you can approach it in a physical or not physical way. Why do I keep losing my license? Because I keep driving drunk. That’s physical. But why do I keep driving drunk? That’s probably more psychological
    -Lots of different ways to say why something happened
    -Ask for help when you’re feeling swamped
    -X causes Y, single cause & single effect
    -You can also have a single cause and several effects or several causes and a single effect
    -Causal chain: x causes y causes z
    -X does not cause y (call into question evidence saying x causes y, you might not have any of your own evidence)
    -Make sure you know which kind of causal argument you’re making
    -Make sure your evidence is appropriate for your causal argument

  5. profs22 says:

    Why the challenger exploded
    Many different factors that support the cause and evidence
    O rings, temperature, extra civilian
    Causal argument

    The middle of the semester is approaching, stay on top of tasks
    Causal argument for research

    Single cause argument

    several effects argument
    Single Cause with a Single Effect (X causes Y)
    Single Cause with Several Effects (X causes Y and Z)
    Several Causes for a Single Effect (Both X and Y cause Z)
    A Causal Chain (X causes Y, which causes Z)
    Causation Fallacy (X does not cause Y)

  6. SmilingDogTheProfWants says:

    Notes 10/20 :
    Casual arguments/claims: WHy did the challenger blow up? The standard size for arches in the Roman Empire was to accommodate two horses side by side, Roman chariots width became the normalized measurement for transportation for most of human civilization’s members, and those measurements were used for trains, the standard for tunnel sizes was to fit two trains side by side. With the Challenger, there were O rings because the boosters had to be shipped in pieces because they had to fit on trains which all goes back to the width of two horses. If it weren’t for the 2 horse measurement of a chariot no O ring would have been needed and no fault would have occurred in a part that wasn’t existent in the spaceship when it was taking off.

  7. dayzur says:

    10/20/20

    -Causal draft due coming Tuesday 10/27
    -Why did the challenger explode? is a causal argument
    -O-rings placed as they are because of two horses
    -halfway through the semester, keep going! Don’t slack off now.
    -Single cause with single effect (X causes Y)
    -Single cause with several effects (X causes Y and Z)
    -Several causes for a single effect (both X and Y cause Z)
    -A casual chain (X causes Y, which causes Z)
    -Causation fallacy (X does not cause Y)
    -Causation is always harder than just X causes Y

  8. l8tersk8ter says:

    Why the Challenger Exploded
    – Too cold to launch, advised not to, NASA launched anyway
    – O-rings failed
    – Ship constructed differently, wasn’t a cabin at the top, was more of a plane with rockets on the sides, there was a cockpit for pilots when returning and flying to a runway for landing
    – Invited non-astronaut (teacher) to join flight to invigorate the public interest
    – Causation is a complicated issue, the answer to one question could lead to a different question (ex. the O-rings failed, then why was there O-rings?)
    – Roman chariots constructed two horses wide so that they do not go through any openings and get stuck (4 feet, 8.5 inches became the standard)
    – This gauging was carried on when trains were created, needed correct measurements to fit through tunnels
    – The rocket was broken into pieces and reassembled because the parts needed to travel through tunnels
    – Connection that did not at first seem to have a cause and effect relation
    Housekeeping
    – Don’t fall behind
    – Midpoint of semester, don’t put pressure on yourself from being behind
    Types of Casual Arguments
    – X causes Y , single cause single effect
    – X causes Y and Z single cause several effects
    – X and Y cause Z , several causes single effect
    – X causes Y and Y causes Z , casual chain
    – X doesn’t cause Y , causal fallacy
    By the end of the day start a Causal post, ask for Professors help if needed
    Causal Argument paper due by next Tuesday

  9. pardonmyfrench13 says:

    Class Notes:10/20/20
    The Challenger:
    • The O ring technology, the weather and many other things caused the explosion.
    • Why did the challenger fail? A Causal claim
    The chariot/train
    • 4 ft 8.5 inches
    • That’s what the chariots were when the horses pulled them
    • Cause for how big train tracks are
    • Small tunnels for trains caused bringing smaller pieces for shuttle, then wouldn’t have needed o rings
    • Crazy, but things like this can be used as the explanation for the cause
    KEEP ON TRACK!!
    Keep everything being turned in on time.
    Types of Causal Arguments
    • x causes y
    • x causes y and z
    • x and y cause z : several causes for a single effect
    • x causes y, which causes z
    • x does not cause y
    Causal Argument due Next Tuesday!!
    Start causal post by asking for feedback.

  10. sonnypetro29 says:

    My notes 10/20/2020
    -Why the challenger exploded, there were many different factors played into why it exploded. Pilots flew in the mission to fly the craft back to the airport, o rings should not have been used, the weather was not right for the flight, it was too cold.
    -The chariot was built wide enough for two horses, all roads had correct measurements.
    -Housekeeping: about halfway through the semester, TALK TO THE PROFESSOR.
    -Lecture demos and in-class task on the casual argument
    -Post your work early so you can get good feedback
    – Post-casual-username by end of the day

  11. gooferious says:

    10/20/20 Notes:
    – Why the Challenger exploded, is a causal question
    – The O-rings failed due to the cold temperatures of that dreadful day
    – There are five types of causal arguments
    – The causal argument task is due one week from today
    – Four causation statements: Immediate cause, Remote cause, Precipitating cause & Contributing cause

  12. comicdub says:

    10/20/20 Notes:
    -First draft of causal argument coming up
    -Types of causal arguments are practical arguments and ethical arguments
    -Why Challenger Exploded is a causal question
    -The technical explanation is the O-rings failed
    -The question then becomes why did they still decide to launch even though the temperatures were not optimal
    -The reason the challenger exploded can be validly argued traced all the way back to the size of two horses side by side
    -We are pretty much past the half way point of the semester
    -You should ask the professor for help now rather than hide
    -Post drafts on time even if they are poor drafts so you can get feedback and change them in time
    -Start a post caused Causal-Username by the end of the day

  13. sunshine2818 says:

    10/20
    Why the challenger exploded
    – O rings
    – Cold weather
    – Having a pedestrian on board
    – Wanting to push the argument
    In causal argument
    – Find an unlikely reason connected to the cause of the failed challenger
    – different types of casual arguments
    Causla argument practice
    Assignment – figure out if your ready to do an casual argument

  14. gabythefujoshi18 says:

    10/20 Notes
    Why did the Challenger Exploded?
    -It was cold
    -rocket would detach in several stages
    -can be an ethical question- what choices were made and what could have been different
    -can be a technical question
    Several causes can be named
    -O-rings failed
    -design required a warm ambient temperature at launch
    -NASA ignored warnings about it being too loud

    One explanation is how the Roman decided to build their horse-drawn carts when Rome ruled most of the known world and could establish a global standard
    -when you make the roads, drive enough cars, the standard measurement that they use became the norm, truly standard.
    -wheels spaced 4 feet, 8-1/2 inches apart.
    -making of trains, cars, all in a similar manner
    -had to break the rockets into parts because it couldn’t fit through the train tunnel and be put together in Florida, because the tunnel could only measure out through the train tracks, because it was narrow, because of the wheel design, and finally because of horses asses

    *Deadline Reminder*

    Types of Causes
    X causes Y
    one cause and one effect

    X causes Y and Z
    single causes with several effects

    Both X and Y cause Z
    several causes for a single effect

    X causes Y which causes Z

    X does not cause Y
    causation fallacy
    Single Cause with a Single Effect (X causes Y)
    Single Cause with Several Effects (X causes Y and Z)
    Several Causes for a Single Effect (Both X and Y cause Z)
    A Causal Chain (X causes Y, which causes Z)
    Causation Fallacy (X does not cause Y)

    *Professor can provide causal recommendations*

  15. jeffbezos123 says:

    Notes
    Challanger
    -exploded mid flight with millions watching
    -Bad weather and still launched
    -There was a civilian on board so there was much more pressure
    HALF THE SEMESTER
    -Make sure you catch up if you are behind
    -this will ruin your grade at the end of the semester
    -get on the ball
    BY THE END OF THE DAY
    -Start your casual argument
    -Also two opening paragraphs

    Single cause with a single effect
    -X causes Y
    Lowering driving age causes more accidents
    you could also do x causes y and z
    There are many different ways you could state casues cause things

  16. corinnebuck1219 says:

    -next week- causal draft due
    -why challenger exploded – went against warning of scientists (this is a causal argument) leading answer is o rings
    why did they ignore advice ? (two horses butts)
    -i learned about casual arguments by finding the problem and use evidence to back up x+y=z
    -halfway through semester !
    -start a post causal and username
    -Types of Casual Arguments
    – X causes Y single cause single effect
    – X causes Y & Z single cause several effects
    – X & Y cause Z several causes single effect
    – X causes Y & Y causes Z casual chain
    – X doesn’t cause Y causal fallacy

  17. Gabriella Trotte says:

    – Notes –
    – Challenger Explosion-
    – The challenger exploded because the O ring failed and was not made properly on the spaceship
    – Millions of people were watching
    – A non scientist was on board
    – The argument is that the space between two horses caused the challenger to fail
    – Housekeeping –
    – It is the half of the semester!
    – Don’t push assignments off
    – Causal Arguement –
    – X causes Y
    – X causes Y and Z
    – Several casuses cause single effect – X and Y cause Z
    – One cause has several effects – X causes Y, which causes Z
    – X does not cause Y

  18. clementine102 says:

    -Notes-
    – Challenger Explosion –
    – NASA spaceship who was broadcasted live on TV and exploded
    – Many scientist say the O ring caused the explosion since it was loose
    – Millions of people were watching
    – There was a non scientist on board
    – You can trace back to the width of how far apart horses were to explain why the spaceship exploded
    – Housekeeping –
    – Half of the semester!
    – Don’t slack off!
    – Causal Argument-
    – Single Cause with a Single Effect (X causes Y)
    – Single Cause with Several Effects (X causes Y and Z)
    – Several Causes for a Single Effect (Both X and Y cause Z)
    – A Causal Chain (X causes Y, which causes Z)
    – Causation Fallacy (X does not cause Y)

  19. shadowswife says:

    NOTES:

    Wake Up:
    – The common explanation for the Challenger’s explosion was the failure of the O-Rings which had a purpose to contain the immense pressure of combustion within the rocket.
    – However, there were a couple of other factors that caused the Challenger to explode.
    * The cold weather
    * The sudden impulsive decision to launch
    – The biggest controversy regarding this incident was the death of a teacher, Christa McAuliffe.
    – The Challenger’s explosion and Christa McAuliffe’s death is an example of a causal argument.
    * It involves an argument on causes and effects.
    * It’s a public relations argument.

    Causal Arguments:
    – Types of Causal Arguments:
    * Single Cause with a Single Effect
    + X causes Y
    * Single Cause with Several Effects
    + X causes Y and Z
    * Several Causes for a Single Effect
    + Both X and Y causes Z
    * A Causal Chain
    + X causes Y, which causes Z
    * Causation Fallacy
    + X does not cause Y
    – The choice you make on what type of causal argument fits with your hypothesis determines the kinds of evidence you find for it.

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