“He is one of 103,200 or 228,875, or 336,000 Americans who served in Iraq or Afghanistan and came back with PTSD,”
- This is a factual claim. The author has stated a circumstance that exists beyond doubt. This statistic is factual and can not be disputed.
“Even when everyone’s in the family room watching TV, it’s only connected to Netflix and not to cable, since news is often a trigger.”
- This is an evaluative claim. The author is blaming the news for triggering PTSD symptoms, this raises questions of how and if the news should be monitored.
“Their German shepherd, a service dog trained to help veterans with PTSD”
- This is a definition claim. The author introduces a concept, a service dog, and tells us what it is “a dog trained to help veterans”
“Some hypotheses for why PTSD only tortures some trauma victims blame it on unhappily coded proteins or a misbehaving amygdala. Family history, or maybe previous trauma.”
- This is a categorical claim. These are all examples of how somebody could develop PTSD.
“In soldiers, the incidence of PTSD goes up with the number of tours and amount of combat experienced.”
- This is a casual claim. The author is describing the cause and affect relationship between battle and PTSD.