White Paper—person345


Travel Restrictions due to the Coronavirus Pandemic contribute to the negative effects that inflict the human mind because of people’s inability to enjoy themselves.


Ozdemir, M. (2020). (PDF) the novel Coronavirus Covid-19 crisis on Incoming … Retrieved February 22, 2021, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/346937451_The_Novel_Coronavirus_Covid-19_Crisis_on_Incoming_Travel_Agencies_Current_Situation_and_Post-pandemic_Scenarios

The COVID-19 pandemic has drastic effects on travel. In March of 2020 alone, 90% of the population faced lock downs from the stay-at-home orders and travel bans that were being issued. Also, international flights in 2020 are estimated to fall by 20% to 30% because of the pandemic. A study was conducted on the impacts of the Chinese tourism Industry which stated that foreigners that anticipating on traveling to China cancelled their reservations. Airlines also stopped most international flights to stop the spread of the virus. Many countries are also in the same situation as China. Their tourism industries are failing because people are not able to fly internationally. As a result, flying and tourism in general are collapsing.

JM;, T. (2020). Working in a pandemic: Exploring the impact of covid-19 health anxiety on work, family, and health outcomes. Retrieved February 22, 2021, from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32969707/

It seems that the Coronavirus Pandemic is causing people such as employees to have anxiety about contracting the virus. COVID-19 Health Anxiety or otherwise known as CovH is this fear of contracting COVID-19. A study conducted about CovH yields results about the effects of staying quarantined and isolated. When someone has anxiety, it triggers what is known as the fight or flight response in which the brain can either face the cause of anxiety head on, or it can stimulate a flight response. This makes someone feel that they cannot escape the situation that they are in. In this instance, it is the Coronavirus. The fear of contracting COVID-19 is triggering a flight response due to the uncertainties of how long the virus will last. Emotion Suppression is a way that people can cope with the anxiety. This makes a seemingly never-ending situation more manageable.

Seppo, E. (1983). Towards a social psychology of recreational travel. Retrieved February 23, 2021, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/248996852_Towards_a_social_psychology_of_recreational_travel

Any form of travel or a vacation has effects on the human mind. People see traveling as a reward and or an escape from their daily living routines. Going on a vacation is an Intrinsic Activity meaning that it is motivated by internal feelings and satisfaction.

Chen, C. (2013). Health and wellness benefits of travel experiences a literature Review. Retrieved February 23, 2021, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258161384_Health_and_Wellness_Benefits_of_Travel_Experiences_A_Literature_Review

Traveling has many health and wellness benefits. When someone goes on a vacation for pleasure, they are satisfied because it gives people a chance to escape the stresses of their lives. Going on a vacation can also improve mental health and a chance at a better lifestyle because of the time to yourself. A study conducted proves this. When someone goes on a vacation, they go through four stages of satisfaction: The Anticipation Stage (Before Vacation), Experience Stage (During Vacation), The Beneficial Stage (During and After Vacation), and the Fade Out Stage. When a person is anticipating a getaway, their satisfaction starts to improve because of the excitement. In the Beneficial Stage, one’s satisfaction is at its highest point because that is the point where they are most happy. Following this, satisfaction starts to go down at the Fade Out Stage because their happiness derived from their vacation is starting to decrease. Therefore, going on vacations for just a few days improves one’s lifestyle.

Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce … Retrieved February 24, 2021, from https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30460-8/fulltext

Since the Coronavirus outbreak started in December 2019, there has been evidence showing that it can have negative psychological effects on people. These included signs of PTSD and confusion all coming from boredom, uncertainty, and financial loss. Studies have been conducted to prove this. One study showed that hospital staff had signs of acute stress after nine days of quarantine. Also, the hospital staff reported signs of loneliness, anxiety, insomnia, and irritability following their time in quarantine. This proves that being socially separated is dangerous to the human mind as it can bring upon signs of mental disorders. Us, as humans are heavily reliant on social activity to thrive. With our social lives taken away from us, it is evident that being quarantined is unhealthy for the human mind.

Current State of Research Paper

My research has led me to some interesting sources about benefits of vacation, consequences of travel restrictions because of etc. However, when I was conducting my research, I was having trouble finding relevant sources that I can use in my paper. When Professor Hodges gave me key words that I can search in Google Scholar, that helped in finding more sources. Now, I am pretty confident about proving my hypothesis.

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11 Responses to White Paper—person345

  1. davidbdale says:

    You don’t say what you’ve been using as search terms, Person, so I tried a couple of things myself. Apparently “seclusion and restraint” is used very often in psychiatry as both a medical term and a therapeutic or experimental practice. So I did a Google Search for “seclusion and restraint” psychiatric and got WAY too many hits.
    There’s material here that should demonstrate the mental devastation of being restrained that ISN’T directly related to COVID and TRAVEL. That should be your guiding principle for awhile, until you find an angle that pulls you from your rut: look for the oblique sources that have EVERYTHING to do with your topic without directly addressing it.

    Not surprisingly, restricting the movements of people who have already-triggered flight responses can drive them crazy. Is that useful?


  2. davidbdale says:

    This is tiny advice, but it will improve your writing, Person: don’t make a preliminary and trivial claim to set up the real one.
    You say:

    The COVID-19 pandemic has drastic effects on travel.

    That could mean travel increased dramatically or that it decreased dramatically. Two sentences later you claim that flights “fell.” Meanwhile, we don’t know what the drastic effect was. The weakness is in “had an effect.” When I lit a fire in the corner of the room, it had an effect on the temperature. So, what’s the better, more specific claim?

    The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically reduced both domestic and international travel.



  3. davidbdale says:

    Looking at your second source reinforces for me the conundrum of suffering a flight response to anxiety at a time when flight is utterly impossible. Be alert for any evidence that such a vicious anxiety cycle leading to psychosis results from travel restrictions.


  4. davidbdale says:

    Repeat my earlier note about the weakness of “has an effect on.” What effect/s are you getting at here?:

    Any form of travel or a vacation has effects on the human mind.


  5. davidbdale says:

    Regarding the Stages of Satisfaction from traveling, this seems to me to be the most devastating at the moment:

    The Anticipation Stage (Before Vacation), Experience Stage (During Vacation), The Beneficial Stage (During and After Vacation), and the Fade Out Stage.

    We can live for years on the beneficial emotional boost of the Anticipation Stage. What we’re suffering now is the COMBINATION of NO POSSIBLE ANTICIPATION STAGE and the not-mentioned-in-your-list DENIAL or CANCELLATION Stages. SOOO many people were living in the Anticipation Stage before the international lockdown.


  6. davidbdale says:

    There’s nothing wrong with your fifth source, but it will tempt you away from the specific emphasis on the dangers of being denied TRAVEL, if that’s what you’re planning to argue. Beware of arguments that become too broad.


  7. davidbdale says:

    Your sources are strong, and your summaries are more than serviceable, Person. I’m about to grade your “White Paper” at Canvas, a grade that will be highly provisional and always subject to change throughout the semester. Right now, yours lacks some crucial elements, including the Hypothesis (or Hypotheses) and the Current State of the Research sections. You can quickly earn an upgrade by adding those sections. Remember to put this post into the Regrade Please category when you make additions or improvements.


  8. davidbdale says:

    You’ve added the two missing sections, so I’ll return to Canvas to Regrade. Before I go, one comment about your Hypothesis (always provisional, forever changing and with luck improving). I imagine you mean something more complex, but a reasonable person could read your claim and decide that it means:

    Travel Restrictions due to the Coronavirus Pandemic make people sad.


  9. person345 says:

    Hello Professor, I am having trouble figuring out a Definition/Categorical argument from my hypothesis. Please advise.


    • davidbdale says:

      You apparently did not notice in my earlier remarks that I’ve been trying to guide you toward an angle on this topic that would lend itself beautifully to a Definition/Categorical examination of your phenomena, Person.

      We have a rich situation here in the pandemic.
      —We’re in a state of high anxiety, about losing our jobs or incomes, about catching a deadly virus, about losing loved ones or suffering a devastating illness.
      —Combined with all those anxieties, we’re also being deprived of some of our most satisfying and healing social experiences: leaving the house, socializing with friends, traveling to refresh ourselves.
      —Ordinarily, if we were faced with the anxiety-producing situations, our instincts would compel us to fight or flee.
      —We are fundamentally being denied the opportunity to flee (even from our houses), leaving us just the alternative of fighting.

      So: the pandemic exacerbates the ordinary reasons we might need relief from our daily stresses AND simultaneously denies us the opportunity to flee from them.

      This gives you the chance to turn that list of “Stages of Satisfaction” into “Stages of “Dissatisfaction,” or “Stages of Denial,” or whatever your favorite new terminology might be. I’ve begun the work for you already.
      —We’ve been denied the Anticipation Stage, the Experience Stage, The Beneficial Stage, and the only thing we have to look forward too is the FADE IN Stage, when we’ll finally be able to gradually RETURN TO OUR NORMAL LIVES, which is the opposite of what we usually want, the ESCAPE FROM OUR NORMAL LIVES.

      As I’ve already mentioned:

      We can live for years on the beneficial emotional boost of the Anticipation Stage. What we’re suffering now is the COMBINATION of NO POSSIBLE ANTICIPATION STAGE and the not-mentioned-in-your-list DENIAL or CANCELLATION Stages. SOOO many people were living in the Anticipation Stage before the international lockdown.

      So, I suggest you create and examine a parallel set of STAGES for the DENIAL OF TRAVEL to mirror the beneficial stages of travel. It’s the best kind of Definition Argument in which you get to name your own terms as you define them.

      Helpful, I hope? Keep the conversation going.


  10. person345 says:

    Yes this did help. Thank you Professor.


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