Annotated Bibliography – Bill Brooks

1. The Science and Ethics of Induced Pluripotency: What Will Become of Embryonic Stem Cells

This article discusses why stem cells are better than traditional medicinal methods to cure/treat diseases and other illnesses.  It depicts the advances in stem cell research techniques and the changes to the field that have come within the last decade.  It also describes other means of modern regenerative medicine in an unbiased light.

How I intend to use it: I intend to use this article to describe why stem cells are a better, more productive way to treat and possibly cure or prevent certain illnesses.  In this way I will show that stem cell research deserves more funding than other areas of research.

2. Stem Cells: 10 Diseases They May—or May Not—Cure

This article describes the diseases that might someday be cured by stem cells.  It also explains why stem cells would be beneficial and how they would be utilized in each disease.  This article is also a great resource because it gives a slightly skeptical viewpoint that can be used for arguments against funding this type of research.

How I intend to use it: I will use this article to bring to light the terrible diseases that stand to be cured by stem cells in order to prove that more funding should be approved.  I will also use this article to identify counter arguments so I can debunk them using my other sources.

3. Assessing the Risk of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome in Egg Donation: Implications for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research.

This article provides information on why it is most useful to use stem cells derived from an embryo and how the source of the stem cell changes the properties of the cell itself.  It also explains the downfalls of the other methods of obtaining usable stem cells.

How I intend to use it:  I intend to use this article to show the reader why it is so important that the stem cells come from an embryonic source.  By examining why embryonic stem cells are the most useable and how other methods are far less productive I can support funding for this specific type of stem cell research.  I will also use this source in correlation with one other source (not listed here) to identify the counterintuitivity of this topic, in that embryonic stem cells have the potential to be a so-called “miracle drug” but because of a moral issue it has been extremely difficult to conduct the needed research.

4. Federal Funding of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research

This article contains the court case of Sherley v. Sebelius which was the main impetus behind the Dickey-Wicker Amendment that caused the ban on embryonic stem cell research (lifted by President Obama) and is still the cause of much argument surrounding this type of research.  It also contains a much more recent case that dealt with embryonic stem cell research.

How I intend to use it: I intend to use this article to give background information on the initial ban, and current damper on the funding given to embryonic stem cell research.  I will then counter the implications of this case with the scientific data gathered in my other sources.  This source will also be useful in identifying the moral dilemmas that have hurt the entire field.

5. The Man Who Grew Back His Finger Tip

This article describes the wonders of stem cells in the form of an amazing story of a man who grew back part of his finger that was removed in an accident.  This man grew back his entire finger in only four months using stem cells (in fact using an inferior method to embryonic stem cells).

How I intend to use it: I intend to use this as a concrete example of the power of stem cells in the field of regenerative medicine.  Due to the ban on embryonic stem cells during the time of his accident the stem cells of a pig were used which are inferior to human stem cells, this in mind I intend to show that the potential of the far superior embryonic stem cells is nearly limitless.  By showing how powerful and effective stem cells are I hope to prove the need for more funding.

6. Derivation, propagation and controlled differentiation of human embryonic stem cells in suspension.

This article provides information on how stem cells are obtained from the embryo and also the methods by which they are utilized.  It also gives a lot of useful information on the process that embryonic cells take to release their full potential.

How I intend to use it: I will use this article to depict the science behind stem cells in order to give the reader a better background of the techniques used in this field.

7. Photographic Framing in the Stem Cell Debate

This article views the stem cell debate in moral and political terms.  By using eye tracking software in addition to polls and surveys this article breaks down the political issues and how a politician is able to sway public opinion in his favor by altering the wording

How I intend to use it: I will use this article to show how unjust the political world can be, and how a lifesaving science fell victim to the political machine.  I can use this article to move away from the scientific side of things in order to address the reasons why it is illegal and why public opinion remains the way it does.

8. National risk signatures and human embryonic stem cell research in mainland China

Although this article is based around the practices in mainland China, there is a lot of useful information that can pertain to any country.  This article breaks down the risks associated with this type of stem cell research from moral to physical and everything in between.  It also touches on bioethics which asks the question “should this be done?” as opposed to just asking how it is done.

How I intend to use this:  This article will be crucial when describing the risks of using this technology versus not using it.  For example, there is a section in this article dedicated to the risks associated with falling behind in the medical community if a country does not utilize all available technologies and practices.

9. Beyond the ‘Embryo Question’

This focus of this article is on the bioethics of stem cell research and more importantly on the ethical issues concerning the donation of human tissues for use in research.  It also has a subsection about the “value and waste” in tissue donation.

How I intend to use it: this article will be very useful in determining and examining the ethics surrounding stem cell research without the aspect of politics.  Examining ethics and politics separately will ensure no bias is placed on the information.

10. Biology. Eighth ed. Boston: Benjamin Cummings, 2011.

I will use specific sections of this biology book to describe different aspects of cell development, gestation periods, and the embryo itself.  The information in the book will help me to address the scientific side of stem cell research but also the moral and political aspect as well.

11. Bioethics of Stem Cell Research and Therapy

This article is broken down into three sections, past, present, and future usage of stem cells in research and therapy.  It delves deeply into the controversies and concerns of using embryonic cells in research for regenerative medicine and how thoughts concerning the topic have changed throughout the course of many years.   Also, this article touches on the specific aspects of derivation that create bioethical concerns.

How I intend to use it: I will use this article to depict the ethical concerns facing this type of research and counter them.  Also, I will use it to discuss what the medical field stands to gain if embryonic stem cell research was granted federal funding.

12. Abortion Surveillance

This article provides numerous statistics on abortion in the United States, including gestational age as well as methods. This article will serve to provide powerful data on abortions in the United States.  I intend to use it to aid the section of my essay which compares the abortion laws to those of stem cell research in order to point out critical discrepancies and leaps in logic.

13. How is Abortion Different From Stem Cell Research

This article discusses the similarities and differences between abortion and stem cell research.  The author also offers a section about the objections facing the two practices.  This article outlines everything from destroying an embryo to the moral aspects and concerns that both practices come across.

How I intend to use it: This article will fit seamlessly into my essay because most of the arguments made in this essay are ones that I have made in my essay.  I will use it to substantiate my claims as well as providing new insight to topics I have already discussed in previous essays.

14. Is it Time for Bioethics to go Empirical

This is an in-depth article about the field of bioethics as a whole.  The author dissects bioethics in a nonbiased way, but brings up important points about the values and concerns of bioethicists.  It also touches on possible reform of the bioethics field in general.

How I intend to use it: this article will be helpful in discrediting some of the ideals propagated by bioethicists.  Furthermore, the profiling of bioethics as a whole is something I have not seen before so it will be helpful in expanding my essay.

15. Bioethical Politics

As the title suggests, this article is about the politics surrounding bioethics and the decisions made as a result.  This article covers abortion, stem cell research and other hotly debated bioethical topics.  This also discusses the role of religion in scientific decisions and bioethics.

How I intend to use it: this article is great for providing background information on the politics behind the important political and scientific decisions and laws such as the famous Roe v. Wade case.  This information will be critically important when examining the ethical and political motives behind the important scientific issues in modern America.

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1 Response to Annotated Bibliography – Bill Brooks

  1. davidbdale says:

    Very well described sources and intentions.
    Grade Recorded.

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