Annotated Bibliography – Jesse Samaritano

1. 99 Cents per Song: A Fair Price for Digital Music? The Effects of Music Industry Strategies to Raise the Willingness to Pay by P2P Users

Background:  ”This article studies the effect of those initiatives on the willingness to pay of a sample of Spanish P2P users. Results show that value-based strategies are the most effective, while legal campaigns come second.” – from abstract of article

How I Intend to Use It: This article will help show statistics on how many people are willing to pay for music over downloading it illegally and recognize that the music industry has made attempts to counter file sharing by making affordable music available to purchase on the internet.

2. P2P, Online File-Sharing, and the Music Industry 

Background: Peer-to-Peer and its relation to online file-sharing has been a matter of great controversy for several years. Intersecting, as it does, the interests of innovators, content owners and consumers it has posed difficult and interesting questions not least those regarding how the interests of some IP owners should affect the development of technology. This brief literature summary does not seek to address these wider questions about how copyright and technology policy can be balanced in the best interests of society, but rather to simply address the basic question of the impact of online file-sharing on sales and welfare. – from Introduction of article

How I Intend to Use It: This article will help in finding a close figure expressing the amount of money the music industry really loses from file sharing. The article shows different findings over different periods of time by a variety of studies to give multiple findings to compare with one another.

3. How Much do Music Artists Earn Online? [INFOGRAPHIC]

Background: This web infographic chart shows how many sales an artist would have to make to earn a month’s worth minimum wage pay through the different market mediums such as CD retail, online music stores, and internet radio. The article also has a link to a chart that shows how much an artist makes on publishing royalties to find out exactly how much an average artist can make.

How I Intend to Use It: I intend to use this article to bring to light just how little artist make through record sales and to show how downloading an artist’s music for free can really effect their revenue.

4. MUSIC FOR NOTHING OR, I WANT MY MP3

Background: With the public discourse around filesharing veering towards punitive extremes, our aim in this essay is to reframe the issue in two ways. First, we argue that the filesharing debates are ‘too economic’, insofar as they reduce a multi-faceted phenomenon to a single issue: financial loss resulting from the theft of intellectual property. Lost in such arguments is the fact that music routinely circulates through the culture in myriad ways that have little (if anything) to do with commerce and capitalism, and everything to do with affect and affiliation. Second, the filesharing debates are simultaneously ‘not economic enough’, insofar as they evade the financial complexities of the music business in favor of an overly simplistic equation:‘downloaded music’ leads directly to ‘lost sales revenues’. A more robust analysis of the music industry’s standard economic practices, however, undercuts both its economic claims about the negative effects of filesharing on sales and its moral claims to be defending helpless musicians from downloading ‘thieves’. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

How I Intend to Use It: I intend to use this essay to have an alternative source to check facts with other sources and vice versa. Upon further reading of all my sources, I will be able to differentiate claims that may be false with claims that match up with other sources.

5. The Moral Argument In Favor Of File Sharing?

Background: This article shows certain opinions from people who are for file sharing and for those who are against file sharing. The article gives examples of their moral beliefs on the subject and why it is or is not acceptable to use file sharing.

How I Intend to Use It: I intend to use this article to find the argument that defends the morality of file sharing. The article also offers comments from other people who have read the article and have their own input on the subject, so I will be able to look through other peoples opinions.

6. The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)

The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is the trade organization that supports and promotes the creative and financial vitality of the major music companies. Its members are the music labels that comprise the most vibrant record industry in the world. RIAA® members create, manufacture and/or distribute approximately 85% of all legitimate recorded music produced and sold in the United States. (From Website)

How I will use it: The RIAA website has a lot of information regarding the negative affects of music piracy and also have an entire page of information entitled For Students Doing Reports.

7. FightPiracy.org

This website is set up to inform readers on what exactly music piracy is and ways to take action against it and report piracy.

How I will use it: This is a helpful website to support arguements on exactly who music piracy effects.

8. Time Magazine U.S – The Battle Over Music Piracy

This article taken from Time Magazine talks about the attempt to stop music piracy through online MP3 sellers like Amazon and discusses pros and cons on music piracy.

How I will use it: Time magazine is a reliable source of information on any subject it covers, and reading through what a journalist of this well respected magazine will hopefully share some intellectual insight on the subject.

9. The RIAA Music Downloading Controversy: Both Sides of the Record

This article seeks to explain the roles of various agencies and to present different faces of the issue in an unbiased yet informative manner. The views expressed by sources for this article are not necessarily those of the author or of musicbizadvice.com; we just want to bring the topic to the table for discussion. (From Article)

How I will use it: This article covers a lot of the background of both sides who are arguing about music piracy and the controversies about lawsuits and other events that have happened in the recent past.

10. The Music Industry on (the) Line? Surviving Music Piracy in a Digital Era.

Abstract: The article presents an analyis of the prevalence of piracy in music trade which has affected global sales of CDs. It points out that technological developments such as file sharing, MP3 players, and CDRs have increased music piracy. Accordingly, most common forms of music piracy are Internet piracy and compact disc (CD) piracy. It discusses the association between music piracy and organized crime, which is defined as profit-driven illegal activities motivated by profit maximization. It explores the vulnerabilities of music trade which include the nature of the product, degree of law enforcement, and pricing. It suggests that it is necessary for music companies to change their business plan through music online marketing in order to minimize the incidence of music piracy.

How I will use it: This source shows sufficient evidence of the financial effects on the music industry through accurate statistics.

11. Education is Best Weapon Against Web Piracy, not SOPA

This article refers to the SOPA act that was attempted to be passed in congress and alternative solutions to dealing with music piracy.

How I will use it: This is a more recent article, so it may help tie together points from articles that may seem dated.

12.  Why were millions of people not obeying the law? Motivational influences on non-compliance with the law in the case of music piracy.

Despite highly publicized efforts by the music industry to curb music piracy, millions of Americans continued to illegally download and share music. This study obtained college student responses to scenarios that measured perceptions of three types of music theft: shoplifting a CD, illegally downloading, and illegally downloading plus file sharing. The students also reported their own recent downloading behavior, completed a demographics questionnaire, and responded to a series of statements that assessed their attitudes regarding factors associated with legal compliance in other domains. The data indicated that students viewed downloading and file sharing very differently than they viewed shoplifting in terms of endorsement of reasons to comply with laws prohibiting those behaviors. Further, concerns regarding punishment (i.e. deterrence), morality beliefs, and generalized obligation to obey the rule of law had the strongest relationships to self-reported downloading behavior. Respect for the music industry had the weakest relationship to legal compliance with both responses to the scenarios and students’ self-report of their own downloading behavior. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

How I will use it: This article helps in understanding why people choose to steal music online instead of purchasing it, focusing on students in college.

13. Stopping File Sharing will not improve the music industry

This blog argues the problem that the RIAA sews people who download illegal music instead of the websites that make the music available. It also argues that artist generally profit from file sharing rather than suffering losses.

How I will to use it: I will use this article to study the opposing argument of those who are for file sharing. It can be used to make counterarguments.

14. Music Piracy and its Effects on Demand, Supply, and Welfare

Abstract: The decade since Napster has seen a dramatic reduction in revenue to the recorded music industry, and organizations representing the recording industry have argued, first, that piracy explains this revenue reduction and, second, that the effective weakening of copyright protection for recorded music will reduce the amount of new music coming to market. Much of the research in this area has sought to document the effect of file sharing on the recording industry’ revenue, and most observers agree that technological change has sharply reduced the effective degree of protection that copyright affords since 1999. But a separate and potentially more important question is what has happened to the supply of new music in the decade since file- sharing. This paper reports findings from emerging literatures on these questions. A new index of the quantity of new music derived from critics’ best-of lists suggests that the quantity of new consequential recorded music has not declined since Napster.

How I will use it: This essay gives much evidence of the economic effect of music piracy and gives a lot of information onthe history of music piracy with information on Napster.

15. Music Industry Counts the Cost of Piracy

New York Times article about music piracy and the effect it has had on the music industry. Some of those who are harmed by music piracy are asking for government to step in and help stop it.

How I will use it: I used to read the New York Times every morning in a high school class and it is a valuable source. This article gives a non bias view on the side that is against music piracy.

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1 Response to Annotated Bibliography – Jesse Samaritano

  1. davidbdale says:

    Depends too much on the abstracts regardless of whether they are relevant to your paper’s needs or not. Grade can be improved with a revision that is more reflective of the actual value of the source to your particular thesis.
    Grade Recorded.

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