Sources 11-15 Aime Lonsdorf

11.   BMI Not Accurate Indicator Of Body Fat.” Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, 09 Mar. 2007. Web. 02 Apr. 2012.>.

The source discusses that the BMI system is not accurately reflective of modern standards for what is actually over weight as opposed to what the faulty BMI system claims. The article details a conclusive study produced by a Michigan State University research team that proved, as previously noted, BMI does not accurately calculate body fat. The major issue that occurs is that the same criteria for BMI are used for all adults of a specific gender. According to the research team, it does not make any difference to the BMI system whether you are a 21 year-old olympic athlete or a 75 year-old, immobile man. The evidence proves that when evaluating obesity, the BMI system should be used with caution. Also talked about in the article are possible alternative methods that could be used to calculate a man or woman’s obesity; none of these studies have been proven accurate, however. But, the most promising is measuring a person’s height to waist circumference which has thus far proven successful and is gaining a high medical reputation when it comes to evaluating diseases that often come as a result of obesity.

I will use this source to discuss how the BMI system is clearly faulty at evaluating a person’s body mass index. I have already used this source in my rebuttal essay to do so. I was able to argue that since the system is clearly not accurate, medical professionals should strive towards improving other promising methods that can be used to measure how over weight a person actually is.

12.    Super Size Me. Dir. Morgan Spurlock. Perf. Morgan Spurlock. Cameo, 2005.

This source is a documentary that was produced by Morgan Spurlock who voluntary set out to discover the health risks of the fast food industry. Specifically, he studied McDonald’s. Throughout his documentary, it became clear that the fast food industry of the early 2000s was not the same as we now perceive it to be. Spurlock exposed the negative health and nutritional benefits that consumers eat when ordering a big mac, the dangers of a super sized option and the way the fast food industry gets around detailing their nutritional facts. As a result of his documentary, there has been a surprising change in the fast food industry that has made food chains such as McDonald’s strive for better and healthier options.

I have used this source in my rebuttal argument to discuss what the fast food industry was like in the early 2000s; I also made this claim in my definitional essay. The way it was then, is still how people perceive it to be today. I will use information from the documentary to lead into a counter argument about how today, fast food industries are in fact gaining health benefits and that they are not that unhealthy to eat at.

13.   Health Mag. “America’s Top 10 Healthiest Fast Food Places.” Health Magazine. Web. <,,20411588_5,00.html>.

This article discusses a survey produced by Health Magazine that analyzed over 100 fast food establishments, narrowing them down to the top 10 healthiest places to eat at. Their criteria consisted of: the use of healthy fats and sodium counts, the availability of nutritional facts (which was previously hard to find in fast food chains), and the use of organic and natural produce. As it turns out, McDonald’s was ranked 8th on the top ten list and is not as unhealthy as people claim it to be. One of the establishment’s most popular new techniques that has been incorporated into other establishments is the option to have a side of fruit with every happy meal instead of french fries. And, if you have to have the fries, their french fries are baked in CDA approved heart-healthy canola oil. Also, the chain offers low calorie options such as snack wraps which consist of a mere 260 calories.

I used this source in my rebuttal essay to counter the argument that I made in my definitional essay about fast food establishments not being healthy for a person. It counters the preceding source about McDonald’s and other fast food industries having a negative impact on a person’s weight and overall health.

14.   DAA. “Dietitians Association of Australia.” Sugar – Not so ‘toxic’. Web. 09 Apr. 2012. <>

The source asserts that sugar, which is popularly known as a toxic food that highly contributes to weight gain and obesity, is not as big of a risk factor as many medical professionals are claiming. This study was concluded by the Dietitians Association. In their medical journal entry Sugar: not so toxic,  they state that when it comes to sugar, men and women should try to eat it in moderation and limit their intake of foods high in added sugar and low in nutritional value such as soda and candy.

I used this source to counter the argument I made in my definitional essay about sugar being toxic and the most demonizing substance that a person could willingly allow to enter their body. I claimed in my rebuttal essay, as stated above, that sugar can in fact be good in moderation.

15.   McLaughlin, Lisa. “Is High-Fructose Corn Syrup Really Good for You?” Time. Time, 17 Sept. 2008. Web. 09 Apr. 2012. <,8599,1841910,00.html>.

The above source argues that while high fructose corn syrup is conventionally thought of as bad for the body and the equivalent to sucrose, or sugar, it is actually nothing similar. Promoted by the Corn Refiners Association (CRA), the attempts to get high fructose corn syrup out of the toxic range are surprisingly being supported by the American Medical Association which recently announced that corn syrup does not contribute to obesity.

I used this source in my rebuttal essay to further elaborate on how what was once conventionally thought as a weight enduser is not actually so. High fructose corn syrup is used in many processed foods that people eat such as fast food, ice pops, and other snack foods. Although it could be bad in high quantities, the levels that are received through most foods are not bad or a detriment to a person’s weight.

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