China to Stop Harvesting Inmate Organs By LAURIE BURKITT
“… a transplant system that has for years relied on prisoners and organ traffickers to serve those in need oftransplants.” – This claim insinuates that for years, transplants in China have only come from prisoners and organ traffickers. While it is true that most of the organs donated in China come from death row inmates, this claim doesn’t refer to only death row inmates — it refers just to prisoners. It also seems strange that one would claim that the transplant system relies on organ traffickers, being that organ trafficking is illegal; does the Chinese government rely on trafficked organs when they are the ones who have outlawed the practice?
“… Chinese officials plan to abolish the practice within the next five years and to create a national organ-donation system …”
– This claim shines a very negative light on the Chinese government, whether it is intended to or not. First of all, the fact that the “officials plan to abolish the practice within the next five years” shows that the government doesn’t have any solid plans to fulfill this claim; planning to abolish it within five years is an extremely vague concept as opposed to an explanation of a structured set of plans to eliminate the practice. The second part of this claim, that the government wants to “create a national organ-donation system” insinuates that an organ donation system doesn’t even currently exist in China, which would explain their heavy reliance on the organs of death row inmates.
“… China has depended for years on executed prisoners as its main source of organ supply for ailing citizens.” – This supports the previous claim that China does not currently have a national organ donation system. By relying mainly on executed prisoners for an organ supply, the number of possible donors decreases drastically and places a heavy burden on the legal system to condemn prisoners to the death sentence since the organs of those prisoners are the main source of donated organs for ailing patients throughout extremely populated China.
“… the harvesting is often forced and influences the pace of China’s executions.”
– This supports the previous claim in explaining that the need for harvesting of death row inmates’ organs in China increases the number of death sentences given. It also makes the claim that “the harvesting is often forced,” insinuating that not all inmates even wish to donate their organs, but rather that they are forced to, denying their rights as human beings.
“… the government’s efforts to educate the public on organ donation have been inadequate.”
– Although admitting that the government has tried to educate the public about donation, this statement claims that the efforts aren’t enough to make Chinese citizens comfortable with or willing to donate their organs. This is probably the reason that voluntary organ donation is rare in China which is what forces them to rely heavily on the organs of death row inmates. If the government made a stronger effort to educate the public about the realities, the risks, and the benefits of organ donation, it’s possible that voluntary organ donation would be a lot more common, eliminating the dire need for death row inmates’ organs.
“… infection rates for prisoners’ organs are typically high, causing a lower long-term survival rate for Chinese with transplanted organs than for people in other countries.”
– This claim suggests that organs donated voluntarily from non-prisoners would be more ideal because the organs of prisoners are “typically high.” However, it doesn’t say that organs from non-prisoners have a lower rate of infections for their organs. It’s possible that organs from those not in prison have just as high of an infection rate, since as it is also stated within the article, “the number of patients requiring transplants is growing due to the rise in chronic and noncommunicable diseases in China.”
“China’s lack of available organs has also created a black market for ailing patients wealthy enough to afford them.”
– This makes the claim that: 1) Because not enough organs are available for those who need them, a black market for organs has been created, and 2) Only wealthy patients can afford the organs. This paints an image of a Darwinian society, where only those best fit (or in this case, wealthiest) for the society will survive.