biggarz-bib

Vaughn, N. (2018, Apr 23). Higher minimum wage has pros, cons. Press & Sun-Bulletin

Background:

Simply put this was a newspaper article that weighs the pros and cons of the minimum wage raise. It takes place in New York and gives great information on both sides of the argument. For example gives stats and even quotes from Anthony Cuomo who put this bill into effect.

How I used it:

I used this article in both the pro and con way. However it was mainly used for my rebuttal essay for proving that money is what drives people and also arguing that Cuomo is giving ‘false hope’ in a way

Loriggio, P. (2017, Jul 22). Minimum wage pros, cons argued. Waterloo Region Record

Background:

Like the first source this is the groundwork for the argument. Giving extra information about bills and how people reacted. Also a big part of the bill was to raise the wage value to $15 per hour and having it slowly come into effect over the years.

How I used it:

I used it to show a simple quote, but which had meaning saying that this is already in action. It was a call to help. Emotional appeal.

Boudreaux, D. J. (2018, Jul 27). Minimum wage & technology. Tribune – Review / Pittsburgh Tribune – Review

Background:

Technology is in everything today and it really controls our lives. Whether it being the phones or the internet its all over. Well now technology has evolved and is now taking your jobs

How I used it:

This was mainly my most useful article or at least one of. It helped me prove the truth of self serving kiosks at McDonald’s and also how they are cheaper to maintain than a worker making minimum wage.

Binkley, A. (2018, Feb 20). Ontario sheds 51,000 part-time jobs in january; pace of minimum wage increase in spotlight after major part-time job losses.Ontario Farmer

Background:

This article focuses on the unemployment factors of the cons list. Farmers or people who are self employed have no need to worry however, it was the private sector jobs that were at risk

How it was used:

Used it to prove my point of how scary unemployment can increase. If not now then in the long run it’ll increase a boatload

Sawchuk, J. (2015, Mar 31). Minimum wage increase creates unemployment.Alberni Valley Times

Background:

This was a very simple article which main focus was to prove how real this is and give real world examples based on the numbers. Can’t disagree with those facts.

How it was used:

I used it in a way to form my first reason and branch off of that. Giving unemployment its number one best reason. Also i used it to prove inflation is a cause of raising the minimum wage.

Lee, C. E. (2014, Oct 02). Obama outlines economic case ahead of midterms; president calls for policies such as raising minimum wage, extending unemployment benefits. Wall Street Journal (Online)

Background:

With the midterm elections coming Obama was prepared to make his speech. Which included the ideas for a ‘plan’ to raise the minimum wage.

How I used it:

Although some phrases were paraphrased and no direct quotes were taken out, it was a good pool of knowledge to have to get a view of a very well respected man.

Brown, Charles; Gilroy, Curtis; and Kohen, Andrew. “The Effect of the Minimum Wage on Employment and Unemployment.” Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 20, No. 2 (June 1982), pp. 487-528.

Background:

This is chalk full of just different types of theories one could learn in economics class. However it is helpful as they have many different types of models and scenarios to help guide you along a certain path.

How it was used:

I used this article to gather knowledge of how economics relates to this situation. Also showed how because of the high prices to pay the workers the benefit they get out is always lower than the supply

www.dictionary.com

Background:

Dictionary

How it was used:

To define some terms and then relate those words to the phrase ‘minimum wage’

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Reflective- doorknob9

Core Values

Core Value 1. My work demonstrates that I used a variety of social and interactive practices that involve recursive stages of exploration, discovery, conceptualization, and development. ttps://rucomp2.com/2019/03/24/casual-argument-doorknob9/

This value is crucial to being a successful writer and shows development in one’s work throughout the course of a piece of writing. I implemented this into my paper about Jared Goff being the worst NFC West quarterback to compete in a Super Bowl, however more specifically that he failed to compete on the biggest stage with a team assembled and given to him. Exploration is also demonstrated in this piece because points are brought up that are other factors besides Jared Goff’s play, for example the assets he was given on offense and still failed to find those players during his big game in Super Bowl 53. This core value is showed throughout my casual argument piece in all the proper ways.

Core Value 2. My work demonstrates that I read critically, and that I placed texts into conversation with one another to create meaning by synthesizing ideas from various discourse communities. https://rucomp2.com/2019/05/01/rebuttal-rewrite-doorknob9/

Reading and understanding text is one thing, but being able to apply it into your own words is what really matters when writing a piece. In this particular piece, I gathered opinions from various sources regarding the status and play of Jared Goff and multiple other players that were, and are, in his position. The sources I used compared players performances in college football to give an outlook on their early football careers and how they fared in their first couple of seasons in the NFL. I used information that I found in the sources and analyzed it in order to demonstrate the meaning of the content. They were relevant to my topic and helped improve the points I needed to make in my piece.

Core Value 3. My work demonstrates that I rhetorically analyzed the purpose, audience, and contexts of my own writing and other texts and visual arguments. https://rucomp2.com/2019/04/15/visual-rewrite-doorknob9/

Being able to clearly explain information in a formal way is a key component in writing, and in my Visual rewrite, I analyze the information I collected from the visual and explained each couple of seconds in detail. Explaining the context of a source is a very important part of a piece because it allows you to show what is going on and what you are trying to translate in to your writing. Each step was different while they were crawling and contained different situations that I analyzed and added to the visual rewrite. Knowing the meaning of what your analyzing also is very important because that is what the source is about. The purpose of my video was the importance of a father to their children and how much of an impact their presence can make.

Core Value 4: My work demonstrates that I have met the expectations of academic writing by locating, evaluating, and incorporating illustrations and evidence to support my own ideas and interpretations. https://rucomp2.com/2019/04/22/research-doorknob9/

Meeting the expectations of academic writing by locating and evaluating evidence to support my own ideas is a critical part of the writing process and is important so we can state where our ideas originated from. In my research paper, the point to be made was how Jared Goff is the worst NFC West quarterback to make it to the Super Bowl, and to prove this I needed to evaluate my sources and evidence to incorporate my ideas and interpretations. I used information from multiple sources, one being talking about how singing Goff to a large contract could hurt his team in the long run because they wouldn’t be able to sign players to other positions. The idea I capitalized on was how without the help he needed he wouldn’t be able to get where he was, being the Super Bowl.

Core Value 5. My work demonstrates that I respect my ethical responsibility to represent complex ideas fairly and to the sources of my information with appropriate citation. https://rucomp2.com/2019/05/01/rebuttal-rewrite-doorknob9/

Creating a proper citation or reference section is very important because you must respect your sources and the writers that allow you to analyze their work you base your ideas off of. In my rebuttal rewrite I used the proper in text citations and reference sheet needed to give credit where it is due. Without these sources I wouldn’t have been able to come up with the ideas I came up with and analyzing their pieces was huge because I was able to use the information I pulled out of the articles in to my own piece, which ultimately improves my paper because I have evidence I can use to support the claim that Jared Goff is the worst NFC West quarterback to make it to a Super Bowl.

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biggarz-paper

It seems counterintuitive that many people talk about minimum wage and their pay. However, many seem rather uneducated when discussing the topic. Minimum wage has been around for decades, fluctuating at different prices over the years, although has not changed its purpose. Minimum wage should not be raised so that the unemployment rates and prices of different goods stay the same and will not increase. The goal is to look at the term minimum wage and be able to  see exactly what it entails. Clearly, if one were to separate the term into two words ‘minimum’ and ‘wage,’ it could be easier to gain a better understanding.

For years the value of minimum wage has gone up and down like a rollercoaster. The economy cannot decide the exact price range of where it should stay. It seems counterintuitive that taking both definitions and putting them together in finding the “smallest” amount of money “required” to pay these people should not be such a hard task, as stated in the dictionary. Again, such simple terms, but to make it even clearer, “Minimum wage is meant for small business.” Not only does the word small show up, but there is too much complication for something that is meant to be small. What this means is the term minimum wage has gone up and gone down throughout history, don’t you think it should be time to actually set up an actual ‘minimum wage’ where there is little to no increase? At minimum, the pay should at least be set to a price where one making minimum wage is required to get paid the right amount for the effort they put into the job they are doing. Having set wages for different degrees of work has been working for years with salaries, therefore it could come of great use if that knowledge was applied to go into minimum wage and work it from the ground up. Clearly, one can understand that having a phrase that means ‘small’ or ‘least’ is the complete opposite of what it means politically. In certain parts of the world there are laws where one can not be paid below a certain amount of money, which we see here in the U.S. However it seems quite odd since wouldn’t this technically be called ‘minimum wage’ since it is the lowest point where it would be illegal for workers to get paid that? Especially when it put into consideration as though the whole meaning of minimum wage was set up as a method of the lowest amount of pay to be offered within a rather simple job. Many questions could be asked from that, however it is just a guideline and for most, if not all times, the wages that workers get paid are way above that price level. The laws state that the actual definition of minimum wage “ as the minimum amount of financial reward that a worker receives for working a specified period of time” meaning as one works a specific time you get paid per time you work. Several take the term and portray it as either the time, performance, job, or company that is being displayed within a particular job. It is truly astonishing that such a phrase, so small and simple, could have such a big impact overtime on society and the economic outlook many have regarding what they feel is the “best” way to pay employees.

Think of the first reaction you’ll have when and if the government decides to raise the minimum wage. One could just picture it, blue skies, all smiles, and not a worry in the world. Well, not quite. More like unemployment sad to say. This right here is what we the people will have to deal with. Yes, there are benefits to this, but for this situation cons outweigh the pros. Take it from Alex Binkley, an Ontario farmer, “… January employment nationally fell by 88,000. Parttime employment declined by 137,000, while full-time employment rose by 49,000. The result was the unemployment rate increased by 0.1 percent to 5.9 per cent.” Even though this takes into account all of Canada, these numbers are scary. Just alone how fast that unemployment rate went up is concerning. Usually 4% is low in the U.S, but the U.S also have ten times greater the population as Canada which should also be taken into account. Truthfully, not everything can be of benefit to one’s own needs. Not only will unemployment will go up, but the younger lower skilled workers will never get hired again. To put it in economic terms from Brown, Gilroy Kohen, “Without a minimum wage, the monopsonistic employer’s marginal cost of labor everywhere exceeds the supply price.” One could say too that the owners were overall losing profit since they would have to pay their workers more. Furthermore, the main reason why businesses open is to make profit. Even though one could argue to create new jobs, however that would be wrong.

In addition to the unemployment numbers rising, and making our countries economy look bad. Another cause of the increase of wages would be inflation. And not talking about a dramatic change in the money values, but it would be noticable. For example take gasoline. Those prices constantly fluctuate for the past couple years, and if one takes notice it has started to increase a couple cents here and there. Another example from the Alberni Valley Times, “ferry rates go up April l. Why? The union employees receive their annual two per cent wage increase April l just like they every year from 2010 to 2014. In this world, you cannot have your cake and eat it too. Want to pay top wages to union employees? Then pay higher fares. That is called life.”It is a dog eat dog world and that’s how people make money. The government is like that and when there is a chance to make money from the people they’re going to take it. With some more economic terms the businesses with monopolies will take advantage since they own all that product and increase the price if there is inflation. It is scary to think that with the poverty already in this country we still want to raise the minimum wage to something absurd like $15 an hour. Granted yes, there should be change, but there is some opportunity cost to that. As little as it may seem each cent is increased there could be a potential person trying to support a family getting let go. It is the hard truths we face today as a society.

To tie both of these things together we see that the economic cons are more likely to outweigh the pros if there’s an increase. Not saying that it should not be increased a little, however there should be a line drawn to how far one goes. Into a smaller point the use of technology will see an increase in the workforce. Take franchises for example, McDonald’s. Most if not all the workers are on minimum wage. There has been a change where the restaurants now have self serve kiosks, which means no need for cashiers, cutting most jobs. As the Pittsburgh Tribune states, “f a machine can do for a cost of 7 per hour what a worker must be paid at least 7.25 per hour to do, the machine gets the job while the worker gets unwanted leisure.” The point being is these franchises want to make profit and the first thing owners look to cut is salaries. What better way to make money and to save time is to put a machine which the owner won’t have to worry about calling out of work, etc. Just think of how much money they’d save in both the long and short run.

As years go by things change. Things that we like and dislike change just how life works. Prices for goods and services vary based on the month, year, and possibly even day. This is why many think it is necessary to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour. For many it’ll be beneficial to help support their families, or even themselves in certain situations. Poverty, another big topic that has relation to minimum wage is the key reason why this is the talk. In our economy there have been talks of raising the wages to $15 per hour. In 2017 Loriggio states, “The government wrapped up nearly two weeks of public consultations on proposed legislation that would, among other things, raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour, require equal pay for part-time workers and expand personal emergency leave.” As people cheer in the streets for this dramatic incline we’ll see in our pay, others weep. However now these low skilled workers can get out of poverty and start a new life. Wrong. This is just one of the misconceptions that happen with the debate of minimum wage. In full, the debate has been talked about for years. There are many pros like it will help get rid of poverty.

Poverty is a constant cycle that goes around and around, and truly never ends. One is born in it and sometimes, but barely thrives. The people in New York living in the ‘slums’ are tough people. They are hardworking and usually look for anyway to make money. Whether that be manual labor or whatever means necessary. In New York these changes are already being put in place. These increases can be seen in paychecks as soon as 2020. As Vaughn states, “”New York proudly set an example for the nation by raising the minimum wage to $15,” Cuomo said in a statement. “The fight for economic justice for our working families continues, and we won’t stop until every New Yorker is paid the fair wages they deserve.”” As bills get passed Cuomo is loving the people of New York and only promises good things. However, is it true that it is only good things to come? Not only does Cuomo make promises that maybe hard to keep, but he has hope and that is enough for people to believe. This right here is what the ‘American Dream’ is about and Cuomo is promising them that.

Another great reason why minimum wage is being raised is to tie into poverty. In a way some owners and managers have their thoughts too, “”Raising the minimum wage raises standards for all workers,” said Stuart Appelbaum, president of the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union, in a statement.” Not only is the raising of paychecks from the start is going to get you to work, but it will motivate you to do better work as well. This out of many things is ridiculous. Money does drive people, however when these business owners are paying these people they’re going to realize that some workers might have to go. Leaving unemployment to raise with all the other cons to that follow letting people go.

In conclusion, the term minimum wage is definitely larger than one knows it to be. Hoping now that one could understand the importance of this debate. It is a very serious matter. Between the unemployment rates rising, inflation on certain goods rising, and even technology replacing jobs. It is crazy to see all of this go down, but how important is $15 to you?

https://search.proquest.com/docview/1566929754?pq-origsite=summon

https://search.proquest.com/docview/2028825067?pq-origsite=summon

https://search.proquest.com/docview/2053403172/fulltext/2DEEEFEC6F94519PQ/1?accountid=13605

https://search.proquest.com/docview/2077327496?pq-origsite=summon

https://search.proquest.com/docview/2197364091/A58BF825101E47B2PQ/1?accountid=13605

https://search.proquest.com/docview/1668185726?pq-origsite=summon

https://www.dictionary.com/

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biggarz-Casual rewrite

Think of the first reaction you’ll have when and if the government decides to raise the minimum wage. One could just picture it, blue skies, all smiles, and not a worry in the world. Well, not quite. More like unemployment sad to say. This right here is what we the people will have to deal with. Yes, there are benefits to this, but for this situation cons outweigh the pros. Take it from Alex Binkley, an Ontario farmer, “… January employment nationally fell by 88,000. Parttime employment declined by 137,000, while full-time employment rose by 49,000. The result was the unemployment rate increased by 0.1 percent to 5.9 per cent.” Even though this takes into account all of Canada, these numbers are scary. Just alone how fast that unemployment rate went up is concerning. Usually 4% is low in the U.S, but the U.S also have ten times greater the population as Canada which should also be taken into account. Truthfully, not everything can be of benefit to one’s own needs. Not only will unemployment will go up, but the younger lower skilled workers will never get hired again. To put it in economic terms from Brown, Gilroy Kohen, “Without a minimum wage, the monopsonistic employer’s marginal cost of labor everywhere exceeds the supply price.” One could say too that the owners were overall losing profit since they would have to pay their workers more. Furthermore, the main reason why businesses open is to make profit. Even though one could argue to create new jobs, however that would be wrong.

In addition to the unemployment numbers rising, and making our countries economy look bad. Another cause of the increase of wages would be inflation. And not talking about a dramatic change in the money values, but it would be noticable. For example take gasoline. Those prices constantly fluctuate for the past couple years, and if one takes notice it has started to increase a couple cents here and there. Another example from the Alberni Valley Times, “ferry rates go up April l. Why? The union employees receive their annual two per cent wage increase April l just like they every year from 2010 to 2014. In this world, you cannot have your cake and eat it too. Want to pay top wages to union employees? Then pay higher fares. That is called life.”It is a dog eat dog world and that’s how people make money. The government is like that and when there is a chance to make money from the people they’re going to take it. With some more economic terms the businesses with monopolies will take advantage since they own all that product and increase the price if there is inflation. It is scary to think that with the poverty already in this country we still want to raise the minimum wage to something absurd like $15 an hour. Granted yes, there should be change, but there is some opportunity cost to that. As little as it may seem each cent is increased there could be a potential person trying to support a family getting let go. It is the hard truths we face today as a society.

To tie both of these things together we see that the economic cons are more likely to outweigh the pros if there’s an increase. Not saying that it should not be increased a little, however there should be a line drawn to how far one goes. Into a smaller point the use of technology will see an increase in the workforce. Take franchises for example, McDonald’s. Most if not all the workers are on minimum wage. There has been a change where the restaurants now have self serve kiosks, which means no need for cashiers, cutting most jobs. As the Pittsburgh Tribune states, “f a machine can do for a cost of 7 per hour what a worker must be paid at least 7.25 per hour to do, the machine gets the job while the worker gets unwanted leisure.” The point being is these franchises want to make profit and the first thing owners look to cut is salaries. What better way to make money and to save time is to put a machine which the owner won’t have to worry about calling out of work, etc. Just think of how much money they’d save in both the long and short run.

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Casual Rewrite- doorknob9

Jared Goff and the Gift He Doesn’t Deserve

A quarterbacks play is a vital component to the success of an American football team. And it shows. The Los Angeles Rams are a perfect example of this. Their defense ended up in fifth in the league during the playoffs for total yards allowed per game by an opposing team with 335 total yards let up, and fourth in the league during the playoffs for total rushing yards allowed per game by an opposing team with 84 yards let up. They were also ranked seventh in the league during the playoffs for pass yards allowed with 251 yards per game. They didn’t need to rely on Goff exceeding expectations because their defense was able to hold off offenses from running or passing all over them, for the most part. Now let’s discuss Goff’s help on offense. Running back Todd Gurley led the league in rushing touchdowns, finding the end zone 17 times during the regular season, and placed third in total rushing yards with 1,251 yards. This allows the offense to open up the field and makes the defense worry about stacking the box, giving Goff a better opportunity to throw the ball. During the post season, back up running back CJ Anderson placed sixth in rushing yards per game with 63 yards and found the end zone twice throughout all of playoffs, the same amount of touchdowns lead back Todd Gurley had during the post season. Goff had a lot of help this post season from his defense, and even more help in the regular season thanks to Gurley. In regular season yards per game, the Rams had 2 out of the 3 top spots in yards per game with CJ Anderson at 149.5 yards and Todd Gurley at 89.4 yards per game. 

We can look at statistics all day long, but more information to this argument proves numbers don’t matter. Worries about how Goff is expected to perform in the 2019 season are rising, and that is effecting how much he will be getting paid. In the article “Signing Jared Goff to an extension this offseason would be a mistake” on RamsWire by Cameron DaSilva posted on March 4th, 2019, DaSilva goes on to explain just how much the team gave up to acquire 1st overall pick Jared Goff during the 2016 draft. They coughed up two first-round picks, two second-round picks and two third-round picks to the Titans just to get their hands on him. But the question of the article is what should they do with him moving forward. That questions his play and value. Another reason for pushing off his extension is because they need to get cap room to re sign free agents in their defense, like pass rusher Dante Fowler Jr. DaSilva also explains how much of a drop off Goff had throughout the last 8 games, completing less than 60 percent of his passes and throwing more interceptions (8) than he had touchdowns (7). That is a great concern for a team, especially if they were considering giving him a pay day because of the way he performed earlier in the year. More reasoning as to why DaSilva doesn’t think Goff should get an extension to his contract is because the Rams have plenty of time to give him a payday at a later point and time; no reason to rush paying him when time is on their side.

In another article “If Jared Goff is their future, the Rams are running out of time” pulled from USA Today written by Steven Ruiz on December 17th, 2018, Ruiz explains how the Rams won’t win anything with Goff under center. Sean McVay, the Rams head coach, was quoted saying, “He’s got to make better decisions, especially when we end up falling out underneath the center on third-and-1. You know, sometimes the only play is to just eat it and take that sack.” This goes to show in crunch time McVay is questioning his own quarterback’s abilities. Ruiz also goes on to talk about just how lucky Goff is to be on this team. He says, “Goff has everything a quarterback could ask for — a great scheme, good receivers, a consistently productive running game and a tremendous offensive line — and we still aren’t quite sure if he’s good enough to lead this Rams team to a Super Bowl. That’s with him accounting for about 4% of the team’s cap. What’s going to happen when that number jumps up to 15%? His line won’t be nearly as good, the defense will give up a few more points and his receiving corps will take a hit, which has already seems to be having an effect on Goff.” This is exactly what will happen to the Rams. His current contract doesn’t make up for a ton of the teams cap space, which allows them to get other assets of the team they need to let Goff succeed. Right when they take away these other components of the team, he’s doomed. He needs a good offensive line to protect him, he needs a good defense to limit the other team from scoring, he needs a good running back to open up the field, and he needs good receivers to catch the ball and turn up field. Even with all of these things, he’s still being questioned if the team actually needs him. Not only that, but when these parts of the team he needs to flourish leave (if they give him the extension that is) then Goff will be carried no more. Everything will be on his shoulders and he won’t do as well as he is doing now. If this does happen, he’ll be exposed for the embarrassment of a player he is. When by himself in an offense, he will collapse. We saw this in his rookie season, and he was gifted multiple weapons because he can’t do it himself. Now, it’s not like him not having help and playing poorly defines who he is because a lot of players go through the same struggles, but seeing how he had an awful first couple seasons then chokes in the biggest game of someone’s life, it would certainly define the type of player he is. Not to mention the coaching he has been aided. Sean McVahy turned that team around from nothing after Jeff Fisher drove it into the ground, taking them far into the playoffs then to the Super Bowl in his first and only 2 seasons as the Rams head coach, he does’t get the credit he deserves.

Back to the numbers, how good were Goff’s pass catching options? Two of his receivers, Brandin Cooks and Robert Woods, ended up at the thirteenth and fourteenth ranked receiving yards leaders raking in 1200+ yards in the regular season. Woods had 86 receptions in the regular season and Cooks had 80 receptions, leaving them outside of the top fifteen in receptions yet inside the top 15 in total yards. That is very good efficiency. Goff had tons of help on practically every end of the spectrum. The only problem in that offense is him, and there is plenty of statistics that prove this.

References

DaSilva, C. (2019, March 4). Signing Jared Goff to an extension this offseason would be a mistake. Retrieved from https://theramswire.usatoday.com/2019/03/04/nfl-rams-jared-goff-contract-extension-offseason/

Ruiz, S. (2018, December 17). If Jared Goff is their future, the Rams are running out of time. Retrieved from https://ftw.usatoday.com/2018/12/nfl-rams-jared-goff-future-contract

Posted in Causal Rewrite, doorknob, Portfolio Doorknob9 | Leave a comment

biggarz-Rebuttal

As years go by things change. Things that we like and dislike change just how life works. Prices for goods and services vary based on the month, year, and possibly even day. This is why many think it is necessary to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour. For many it’ll be beneficial to help support their families, or even themselves in certain situations. Poverty, another big topic that has relation to minimum wage is the key reason why this is the talk. In our economy there have been talks of raising the wages to $15 per hour. In 2017 Loriggio states, “The government wrapped up nearly two weeks of public consultations on proposed legislation that would, among other things, raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour, require equal pay for part-time workers and expand personal emergency leave.” As people cheer in the streets for this dramatic incline we’ll see in our pay, others weep. However now these low skilled workers can get out of poverty and start a new life. Wrong. This is just one of the misconceptions that happen with the debate of minimum wage. In full, the debate has been talked about for years. There are many pros like it will help get rid of poverty.

Poverty is a constant cycle that goes around and around, and truly never ends. One is born in it and sometimes, but barely thrives. The people in New York living in the ‘slums’ are tough people. They are hardworking and usually look for anyway to make money. Whether that be manual labor or whatever means necessary. In New York these changes are already being put in place. These increases can be seen in paychecks as soon as 2020. As Vaughn states, “”New York proudly set an example for the nation by raising the minimum wage to $15,” Cuomo said in a statement. “The fight for economic justice for our working families continues, and we won’t stop until every New Yorker is paid the fair wages they deserve.”” As bills get passed Cuomo is loving the people of New York and only promises good things. However, is it true that it is only good things to come? Not only does Cuomo make promises that maybe hard to keep, but he has hope and that is enough for people to believe. This right here is what the ‘American Dream’ is about and Cuomo is promising them that.

Another great reason why minimum wage is being raised is to tie into poverty. In a way some owners and managers have their thoughts too, “”Raising the minimum wage raises standards for all workers,” said Stuart Appelbaum, president of the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union, in a statement.” Not only is the raising of paychecks from the start is going to get you to work, but it will motivate you to do better work as well. This out of many things is ridiculous. Money does drive people, however when these business owners are paying these people they’re going to realize that some workers might have to go. Leaving unemployment to raise with all the other cons to that follow letting people go.

Vaughn, N. (2018, Apr 23). Higher minimum wage has pros, cons. Press & Sun-Bulletin Loriggio, P. (2017, Jul 22). Minimum wage pros, cons argued. Waterloo Region Record

Posted in biggarz, Rebuttal Essay | Leave a comment

Rebuttal Rewrite- doorknob9

Age is More Than a Number

Loyal fans, and those followers that may stay true to a team for no apparent reason, will often support their quarterback under any circumstances. Painting one’s face blue and cheering shirtless in 20 degree weather is quite a noble act. This, however, does not change a team’s facts and statistics, nor does it define their quarterback. Take the LA Rams, for example. They made it to the playoffs in January 2019 and there are some that would say it was the quarterback, Jared Goff, that got them there. When they made it to the Superbowl, this gave those loyal fans even more bragging rights, but it is clear that Jared Goff is the worst NFC West quarterback to make it to a Super Bowl.

In Super Bowl 53, the Rams tied up the record for fewest points earned in a Super Bowl. They share this title with the Miami Dolphins from Super Bowl 6. It takes a pretty weak quarterback to make that happen. It was Jared Goff’s myriad of mistakes during the Super Bowl that caused such an embarrassing low score. For example, when Cooks was wide open, Goff throws the ball half a second too late and the pass is incomplete, Riley McAtee tells us in their article “Jared Goff Had the Worst Game of His Life on the Biggest Stage”, written only a day after the game on February 4th, 2019. Then he did some sort of head bob that landed him a false start. The most ironic part about the contest is how the game is played today with such high-powered offenses, and even with weapons like Brandin Cook, Todd Gurley, and Robert Woods, Goff still couldn’t deliver even a decent game from that side of the ball. A 41 year old Tom Brady even put up comparable statistics in the game when he was facing the better defense with guys like Aaron Donald and Aquib Talib. He has all the help he really needs, the Rams have provided Goff with a winning team, but he is the problem in the equation and provided in Super Bowl 53 he isn’t the man to step up for the job. There were so many mistakes made in that game, that even the biggest and most loyal Rams fan must succumb to the facts and admit that Goff is the worst NFC West quarterback to make it to a Super Bowl.

Some loyal fans may use Jared Goff’s young age to defend his underwhelming and embarrassing Super Bowl performance. He is 24 years old, which is a prime age for an athlete. This past Super Bowl was his chance to shine, and he failed miserably. There have been many quarterbacks in their mid twenties to make it to the Super Bowl and complete passes without making crucial mistakes. Take a look at Ben Roethlisberger’s Super Bowl win against the Seattle Seahawks in 2006. He was only 23 years old when he won his first of two Super Bowl rings. Tom Brady was only 24 years old in 2002 when the Patriots defeated the St. Louis Rams. Now even though age doesn’t define how great a player can be and comparing them to great quarterbacks at a young age may sound ridiculous to some, it does give us the input that Goff will never be able to be considered as great as the quarterbacks listed simply because they beat him to the task. They were able to accomplish something that Goff couldn’t, and that’s prove yourself as an established, franchise quarterback who can make big time plays in big time situations such as the Super Bowl. The argument that Goff is too young to be judged is a topic often brought up when the slander of the 24 year-old comes up, but this can be a big red flag for teams with inexperienced quarterbacks behind a franchise ready to compete on the top levels of play. Looking back on guys like Manziel not being able to live up to the hype in Cleveland, Geno Smith’s stunt with the New York Jets that went terribly, Robert Griffin III in Washington D.C. getting injuries piled on. It’s a big risk paying a young quarterback big money when he’s only played in two post seasons and been carried by a stellar defense and rescued by the referees in crunch time, but hopefully the Rams don’t make this mistake by giving Goff an undeserving pay day. Paying Goff

Although his college career at Cal was considered amazing to some, and was able to land him a position as a first round draft pick, this did not carry through to his Super Bowl performance. Carl Stone tells us in his article “Top 50 College Quarterbacks Who Didn’t Pan out as Pros”, written on April 1, 2012, that Ryan Leaf, Vincent Young, Matt Leineart, and Johnny Manziel were other great college quarterbacks who failed to transition their talent at the NFL level. Although Goff has seemed to cement himself in the Rams offense, much like the quarterbacks listed above to their respected teams, only time will tell how the rest of his career pans out. Goff is still young, and may have a good career ahead of him, but the odds are that he will be less successful than most people believe. Manziel, for example, was able to break the starting lineup in Cleveland. After a short 2 year tenure, he was waived because of reckless behavior. Goff has shown no signs that his career will be plagued by off field activities, but his might be ruined due to poor play and not being able to step up during big times in big games.

Stating that Jared Goff is the worst NFC West quarterback to make it to the Super Bowl may seem like a stretch to some, but the counter argument that he’s too young is not a solid reason as to why he performed the way he did in Super Bowl 53. He failed his organization when they gave him the pieces he needed to compete and he didn’t capitalize. Goff is still the worst NFC West quarterback to make it to the Super Bowl.

References

McAtee, Riley. (2019, February 4). Jared Goff had the Worse Game of his Life on the Biggest Stage. Retrieved fromhttps://www.theringer.com/nfl/2019/2/4/18210099/jared-goff-los-angeles-rams-super-bowl-liii

Stine, Carl. (2012, April 1). 50 Top College Football Quarterbacks Who Didn’t Pan out as Pros. Retrieved from https://bleacherreport.com/articles/1126774-50-top-college-football-quarterbacks-who-didnt-pan-out-as-pros

https://www.profootballhof.com/news/super-bowl-starting-qbs/

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Self-Reflective Statement: Nina

Writing is Recursive

Core Value 1: My work demonstrates that I used a variety of social and interactive practices that involve recursive stages of exploration, discovery, conceptualization, and development.

This value teaches writers to value opinions about their work, review and research unique perspectives of their topic of choice, and finally collect all of their data into a form of writing, For example, my research paper this semester discussed the differences between Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide and why patient clinically or non clinically diagnosed with depression should not be authorized. While, collecting data on this topic, I had to find scholarly articles to defend my position. Due to he fact that many opinions shifting from medical professionals to State Legislatures shared unique views about Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide. I had obtained many articles using Rowan database and Google Scholar to include the perspectives of doctors, specialists, and other medical professionals.

Core Value 2: My work demonstrates that I read critically, and that I placed texts into conversation with one another to create meaning by synthesizing ideas from various discourse communities.  

This core value helped me to incorporate sources through out my writing. Scholarly sources allowed me to find background information about my topic in different perspectives. Also, critical reading allowed room for creative thoughts and eventually conducting a hypothesis after critically reading about my topic of choice. For example, the White Paper we completed taught us to analyze sources and summarize them to show that the writer has read, understood, and can generate ideas from that source and apply it to their writing. The white paper was a series of purposeful summaries written after reading sources we will use for the research paper. This assignment allowed for students to read critically, and furthermore read into the topic to generate our own ideas, and later create a three step research paper to defend their position on a specific topic.

Core Value 3. My work demonstrates that I rhetorically analyzed the purpose, audience, and contexts of my own writing and other texts and visual arguments. 

This core value allowed students to analyze writing, and visuals such as videos and create insight of what the article or video is presenting to the reader. Analyzing visuals create original content that explains specific details that other may or may not have noticed. For example, the Visual Rhetoric assignment. For this assignment, students selected a thirty- second Ad Council video of their choice and described all visuals presented to them and made predictions and conclusions of what the ad is trying to convey to the audience without using the audio. The Ad Council video I selected was titles “The Coworker”. This ad demonstrated a visual based on real events, in which a woman is harassed after work while preparing for the next days work. Through out the video, I paused and divided the video into sections, then analyzed the body language and surrounding of all actors and actresses in the ad to make ethical conclusions of what the ad is trying to convince the audience about.

Core Value 4: My work demonstrates that I have met the expectations of academic writing by locating, evaluating, and incorporating illustrations and evidence to support my own ideas and interpretations. 

Utilizing sources to support claims and reasoning includes evidence that will make the reader agree with what your position on the topic is. Not only is support your position important, but also the perspective of your greatest argument against your position is crucial to acknowledge. I applied core value 4 to my writing during the Rebuttal essay. For this assignment, students were asked to find their biggest argument against their hypothesis. This required reading articles that refute your argument and give reasoning as to what he reader should agree with them. In my rebuttal essay, I found that many phsicians do not mind assiting citizens in assisted suicide. Medial professionals argued that assisted suicide is the choice of the patient and that the patient should choose what they want to do with their lives. I had to find that these arguments only applied in places where Physician Assisted is legal. I further researched the results of those Physicians who agreed that the procedure should be given to the patient who requests it no matter that situation, and more than half of those same medical professionals refused to participate in the assisted suicide procedure.

Core Value 5: My work demonstrates that I respect my ethical responsibility to represent complex ideas fairly and to the sources of my information with appropriate citation. 

This core value teaches student to its their work when supporting claims. With the appropriate citations, students can avoid violating academic integrity and plagiarism consequences. This mean students must show where they received their information from and incorporate how they used it int heir writing. To show references, students are ask create an Annotated Bibliography. The Annotated Bibliography includes ten to fifteen sources used through out the students research paper to indicate where the information came from. I created an annotated bibliography which included the source in APA format, background of what the source was a about in a paragraph, and lastly a paragraph on how I applied the source to my writing. Annotated bibliographies are extremely helpful and keep students on track to align their sources and information.

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Causal Rewrite-nousernamefound1

High Cost of Attending College 

The prohibitively high cost of attending college is causing enrollment to drop. It’s not just 4-year colleges that are showing drops in enrollment. Community colleges have been in a drought for almost 10 years now. In this era, relying on student aid or government aid is like waiting around for pigs to start flying. “Among dependent community college students, 19 percent have family incomes of less than $20,000, putting them near or below the poverty line. Among independent community college students, 48 percent have incomes of less than $20,000. Sixty-seven percent of community college students work while in college, with 32 percent working 35 or more hours per week. Yet only 2 percent of community college students receive any Federal Work Study aid, compared with 25 percent of students at private four-year colleges,” according to Community College Research Center in “Community College FAQs.” Ashley Smith claims in “No Bottom Yet in 2-Year College Enrollments,” that “Community colleges are used to declining enrollments when the economy is strong, and unemployment is low. But some researchers are warning colleges that future declines are only expected to get worse amid cuts in state funding and more pressure on institutions to produce measurable outcomes.” The author expects the drought to never change because of the fact that we rely so much on student aid to get kids into school.  A director of strategic research at EAB stated that they absolutely need to be worried right now. This isn’t an issue that can be just pushed to the side. The problem has nothing to do with population. When colleges are losing over 50 percent of their students in the matriculation process, you are suspended to look within. When looking within you can see that a lot of students are deciding to not attend because of financial reasons. We can’t blame this all on the government though. The failure of schools to get kids to excel is a reason why the government is cutting back for community colleges. Ashley Smith claims in “No Bottom Yet in 2-Year College Enrollments”, that “EAB found that out of 100 students who apply to a two-year college, 56 are lost during onboarding, 23 drops out and just five are still enrolled after six years. Only nine of the 100 complete an associate degree and seven complete a bachelor’s degree.” The government will not waste their money trying to fund students when statistics show that they will just end up dropping out or even fail out. 

 Donna Desrochers and Steven Hurlburt stated that “2013 Across higher education, revenues per FTE student were higher in 2013 than a decade earlier, but only private institutions and public research universities had fully recovered revenue losses experienced since the 2008 recession.” That schools don’t care too much about the kids getting into the school because of the fact that they use tuition as a scapegoat to get out of financial trouble. Where does the money go? What are colleges buying? These are questions that constantly cross my mind as a student. A building doesn’t attract students that just want a degree. My conclusion would be investing in programs that will guarantee more students being successful in private or public institutions. This would attract more students because it will show that the school really cares about us and doesn’t just want our money. There are some shocking facts out there that will leave you shaking your head. Many say that colleges are expensive because of the fact that many of the institutions need more faculty members and they need to figure out how to pay them all. That dream house or dream car that you wanted for years can come to an end after noticing how much in debt you are in student loans. Hillary Hoffower in “College is more expensive than it’s ever been, and the 5 reasons why to suggest it’s only going to get worse,” claims that “At a four-year nonprofit private institution, tuition and room and board is $46,950, on average. Four-year public colleges charge an average of $20,770 a year for tuition, fees, and room and board. For out-of-state students, the total goes up to $36,420.” The numbers are ridiculous, we shouldn’t treat kids that want to better themselves like this. A lot of people miss out on this opportunity because of selfish institutions. 

Tuition doesn’t just damage the enrollment; it can also cause Demographic shifts. “Demographic shifts may be associated with changes in enrollment such as the growth of various subgroups or the population in general,” according to Nathan Lassila. 71 percent of students often use student loans to pay off school. That’s more than half, which makes me question the effort of colleges looking for a change. Lowering income students are still struggling until this day. In fact, a lot of them are paying more because they are not on the same rate as students that have a higher income. “However, there is a large gap in the ratio of low-income and higher-income students who enroll in post-secondary education,” according to Nathan Lassila. This is a fear for a lot of colleges, but still, they can’t seem to find a solution. If the numbers continue to grow you will see the majority of the higher income families participate in college more than the lower income families. The cost and fees are causing a lot of students to throw in the towel. Why continue to wait on student aid when they’re cutting back? Institutions need a better solution when attacking this problem. Colleges must first understand that a growing number of Americans live in poverty. Two would be that a lot of students are fighting for extra money, so when you try to do scholarships it doesn’t help the situation. It doesn’t help because institutions don’t give out enough scholarships for everybody. The amount of people struggling with the cost of attendance is way higher than the number of scholarships given out. They need to see that the cost scares a lot of students away. Nothing will change but the fact that enrollment will continue to decrease if they don’t take these baby steps. The institutions need to stop sitting around and waiting for a miracle to happen. Waiting around will do nothing but bring grey hairs. This is a serious issue that needs to be spoken on every day. There are too many jobs that require a lot of people to have higher education, but it seems like things will never change for the better for the students. 

Reference

Community college enrollment rates expected to keep falling. (2018, June 21). Retrieved March 24, 2019, from https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2018/06/21/community-college-enrollment-rates-expected-keep-falling

Desrochers, D. M., & Hurlburt, S. (2016). Trends in College Spending: 2003-2013. Where Does the Money Come From?: Where Does It Go? What Does It Buy? Place of publication not identified: Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse.

Hoffower, H. (2018, July 08). College is more expensive than it’s ever been, and the 5 reasons why suggest it’s only going to get worse. Retrieved from https://www.businessinsider.com/why-is-college-so-expensive-2018-4

Lassila, Nathan E. (2011) “Effects of Tuition Price, Grant Aid, and Institutional Revenue on Low-Income Student Enrollment,” Journal of Student Financial Aid: Vol. 41: Iss. 3, Article 2. Available at: http://publications.nasfaa.org/jsfa/vol41/iss3/2 

Community College FAQs. (n.d.). Retrieved May 1, 2019, from https://ccrc.tc.columbia.edu/Community-College-FAQs.html


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Annotated Bibliography: Nina

  1. Asch, D. A. (2017, May 23). The Role of Critical Care Nurses in Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide | NEJM. Retrieved from https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199605233342106

Background: The conversation surrounding euthanasia and assisted suicide focuses on the role of physicians and critical care nurses. In this article, Asch conducted a study by mailing a survey to over 1600 critical care nurses and physicians to discuss the requests made by patients and other medical professionals to perform the procedure. As s result, only 1139 responded to the survey and of that, around 140 have stated that they have received requests from patients asking for permission to have the procedure done. Also in this article, more than the majority of those who responded to the survey, have not completed the procedure on someone or refused to.

How I used It: In my Rebuttal essay, I applied this source to my writing to show show the ratio between how many people volunteer for Physician Assisted Suicide and compared it to the number of medical professionals who have experienced completing the procedure. In my essay, I included that although states that allow assisted suicide and believe people have the right to decide if they want to die, many medical professionals have a hard time completing the procedure,

2. D’Antoni, T. (2014, October 26). Robert’s Story:Dying with Dignity (Improved video). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lO_NAbjYvUY

Background: This video highlighted the long and stressful, emotion filled process of assisted suicide performed by Robert Schwartz. He was diagnosed with AIDS and suffered several health issues because of it. On his journey through death. the audience views how stressful and problematic the procedure is for assisted suicide. Robert spent months down an endless road of pain and complications with in his family and his relationship altered his decisions.

How I used it: I used this source in my causal essay to show how at home situations, family and relationship issues play a huge role in a person furthering their decision to participate in assisted suicide. Robert was experiencing extreme distress when his lover began to mistreat him and when he continued to have surgeries and eventually the removal of his spleen due to his diagnosis of AIDS

3. Diekstra, R. F. W., & DIEKSTRA, R. F. W. (1995). Dying in dignity: The pros and cons of assisted suicide. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 49(1), S139-S148. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1819.1995.tb01917.x

Background: This article discussed the history of assisted suicide and how it is approached in the Netherlands compared to the U.S. The article also presents the audience with the results of assisted suicide and how it effects the general public.

How I used it: I used this article to refute any of my strongest arguments and found evidence from other scholarly articles to defend my position and have the audience agree with my reasoning due to imperial evidence supporting my claims.

4. Gopal, A. A. (2015, June 01). Physician-Assisted Suicide: Considering the Evidence, Existential Distress, and an Emerging Role for Psychiatry. Retrieved from http://jaapl.org/content/43/2/183

Background: This source defined what Physician Assisted Suicide is and the procedure. The text indicated the requirements and documentation needed to complete and qualify for this operation and the results recorded by physicians in comparison to the other states that comply with the Death by Dignity Law.

How I used it: I used this source in my definition categorical essay. I included the definition of Assisted Suicide and what needs to happen prior to the procedure in order to qualify. For example, a mandatory psychiatric analysis is needed to determine the mental state of the patient.

5. How to Access and Use Death with Dignity Laws. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.deathwithdignity.org/learn/access

Background: In the United States, there are a total of five states that have an active Death by Dignity Law. This law establishes the requirements and in details the process of how assisted suicide is planned. The age you must be eighteen years of age or older, and you do not have to suffer from an incurable disease in order to qualify, The website even included the process for individuals who didn’t live in states the Death by Dignity Law but want to go through the procedure.

How I used it: In my definition essay, I used this website to describe the differences between Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide. The process and laws for assisted suicide in America are more strict and requires months worth of paper work and application processing in comparison to other countries such as Belgium.

6. Nathansen, S. (n.d.). Act and Rule of Utilitarianism. Retrieved from https://www.iep.utm.edu/util-a-r/

Background: The Utilitarian act demonstrates that human have a right to choose destiny for themselves. Humans are entitled to make choices that make them happy and puts them in a place of security. With this act, humans want the respect and of others to agree with their choice of life or death in the context of Euthanasia and assisted suicide,

How I used it: I utilized this source in my causal essay. In this essay I elaborated that many choose assisted suicide as an alternative rather than diminishing the problem less broad approach. This source helped me to prove that individuals will choose euthanasia because it is available, not because it is a last resort.

7. Peirce, J. (2011, November 29). Human and Animal Euthanasia: Dare to Compare? Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/all-dogs-go-heaven/201111/human-and-animal-euthanasia-dare-compare

Background: This article compares the differences between human and animals euthanasia. The difference is perspective shows how human and animals differ from one another when suffering from incurable diseases. The author distinguishes how vet hospitals and human care takers proceed euthanasia.

How I used it: I used this source in comparison to the youtube video I watched to refute the utilitarian act reason given by one of my biggest arguments. I had proven that although we don’t stress the fact that we euthanize animals just as much as we euthanize human, humans and animals are set a different viewpoint than animals. We are taught to not make animals suffer, and for humans, medications to cope with pain have been distributed to improve their well being,

8. Services, A. L. (2014, November 25). Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide FAQ – Video 1. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kk0_X7Yb7jA

Background: This video answers frequently asked question regarding euthanasia and assisted suicide. The speaker talks about complexities between dogs being euthanized and humans being euthanized. The video stressed that we should value others opinions but also help those who suffer from incurable diseases that choose to die.

How I used it: In my definition essay, I defined what the difference is, in terms of morality, between how we treat animals who are euthanized, and how we treat human who choose to die due to illness. I also used this source in my rebuttal to include my solution to the issues surrounding how to help those who are clinically depressed find another alternative.

9. Smietana, B. (2017, August 23). Most Americans Say Assisted Suicide is Morally Acceptable. Retrieved from https://lifewayresearch.com/2016/12/06/most-americans-say-assisted-suicide-is-morally-acceptable/

Background: In this article, more than a third of Americans feel that people who suffer incurable diseases deserve to choose assisted suicide. The author argues that more people are willing to accept the fact that people with incurable diseases want to die.

How I used it: I used this article to coincide with the causal essay that individuals feel entitled to choose death over life because it is an option. This also goes with the idea of being utilitarian and making your own choices without looking at the alternatives such as modern medication.

10. Top 10 Pro & Con Arguments. (2018, September 10). Retrieved from https://euthanasia.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000126

Background: This list of pros and cons helped determine the cause and effects of euthanasia and assisted suicide. The list included medical perspectives, legalization, financial issues, law changing ect. Arguments for or against euthanasia and PAS were displayed to show what would happen on either end of the spectrum, positively or negatively.

How I used it: I applied this source to figure out my strongest argument as well. I also applied this source through out all my written work to keep in mind the many different perspectives on this topic. I wanted to target any refutations that the audience would have against my position. With this article, any possible disagreement was countered with evidence based facts that would change the readers perspective.

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