Environmental Friendliness of Electric Vehicles
Electric cars have always come in and out of popularity since their creation. In 1900 they were popular as they were 28% of all cars created at that time says the American Census from 1905. As we have become more concerned over our environmental impact on our earth we have tried to find what we can do to save our planet. This has been by reducing plastic usage, recycling, and trying to cut down on using non reusable resources. The newest and most promising way to help save the environment is by bringing back these electric cars. With current technology these cars have advanced to now become better in many ways than traditional gas or diesel powered vehicles. The downsides is that these electric cars still find ways to run on gas, diesel, and even coal. While many believe that these electric cars are going to save the earth we tend not to focus on the dirty side of clean energy.
We have come to the conclusion that electric cars are going to save us even though this isn’t exactly correct yet. Coultura is an organization that’s target is to have a gasoline free America and has documents all of the states and countries playing to go electric with their vehicles. According to Coultura, nine of the fifty states in the US and even some countries around the globe are making plans to phase out gas powered cars. Some have even passed legislation to ban the selling of new gasoline powered cars by certain dates. New Jersey is an example of this as legislation has been made to ban the selling of new gas powered cars by 2040. Most countries are just making plans on the matter, while Ireland has started to propose legislation to do this by 2030. Norway is ahead of this as they plan on banning new electric cars by 2025 as already 60% of their vehicles are already electric. Iceland’s plan is to do this by 2030, but also plans to eliminate half of its gas stations by 2025. This overall is a fantastic push by these countries and many other to in order to try to help the environment and usage of fossil fuels. The only downside of patting ourselves on the back for these large leaps is that we don’t see the way in which electricity is produced.
In the United States we tend to believe that our electricity comes from clean sources, but most of it does not. The percentages of electricity usage in the United States can be found documents by the US Energy Administration. According the the US Energy Administration, In the United States the total electricity produced is only made up of 17% renewable resources such as hydroelectric, biomass, geothermal, wind, and solar. The rest is 20% nuclear, 23% coal, and 38% natural gases. Less than 1% of the energy was produced with petroleum. Cars than run on almost a quarter coal does not seem like the future, but they would be if this were to change.
Our Usage of coal has thankfully decreased since about 2008 when our usage of coal was at its highest. The amount of electricity produced with coal in 2008 went from 1,986 billion kilowatt hours to 996 billion kilowatt hours in 2019. The usage of renewable energy has been growing sing the early 1950s, and the different kinds and effectiveness of renewable energy has also grew. Solar and wind power have skyrocketed in popularity since the early 2000s. This has been good results from the United States but still not enough to call electric cars clean energy, rather it is dirty energy.
China is one of the worst examples of how these cars will run on dirty energy. While China has not made any plans yet Hong Kong specifically has plans to get rid of gasoline and diesel powered vehicles by 2030 or 2040 says Coltura. According to the US Energy Administration, while an electric car in the United States would run on 23% coal, a car in China would run on 58% coal. China electricity also runs on 20% petroleum and other liquids, 8% natural gas, 8% hydroelectricity, 2% nuclear, and 5% other renewable resources. This means that electric cars actually run on 78% coal and fuel in China. This means that electric cars are actually more inefficient in China than almost anywhere else in the world apart from India whose coal usage is 74% of there electricity production. China is the largest energy consumer and producer in the world and has the fastest growing population. This means that China is creating a large amount of pollution through their energy which many believe to be clean. These extremely large countries are using large amount of coal so what are the downsides towards the environment?
Coal has been a source of energy since the late 1880s and still to this day has been an extremely large source of the worlds energy. Coal has extreme downsides that can not be overlooked especially because it is being used so much to produce energy. According to the US Energy Administration coal causes many sources of pollution such as emitting sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon dioxide, and even mercury and heavy metals. What some of these chemicals do is sulfur dioxide causes acid rain and nitrogen oxides cause smog and lung illnesses. This means that coal isn’t just bad for the environment but also bad for our health. This is why coal is the most dangerous of all of the ways to produce electricity and also the most concerning because many countries still continue to use it despite the environmental and health effects. If the amount of coal used can be cut down and almost eliminated as we see from exemplary countries such as Norway. Norway’s energy sources are 97% renewable resources in 2011, and in 2019, 93.4% of all of its energy comes from just hydroelectric alone. In Norway 60% of all cars are electric and they run on some of the cleanest energy that can be found.
“Gasoline Phaseouts Around The World – Coltura – Moving beyond Gasoline.” Coltura, http://www.coltura.org/world-gasoline-phaseouts#:~:text=New%20Jersey%3A%20In%20October%202020,sales%20being%20electric%20by%202040.
“Hydroelectric Battery of the North – Nordic Energy Research.” Hydroelectric Battery of the North –, http://www.nordicenergy.org/figure/two-thirds-renewable/hydroelectric-battery-of-the-north/.
Steuart, William M., and Thomas Commerford Martin. Census of Manufactures: 1905. Electrical Machinery, Apparatus, and Supplies. Govt. Print. Off., 1907.
“U.S. Energy Information Administration – EIA – Independent Statistics and Analysis.” Coal and the Environment – U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), http://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/coal/coal-and-the-environment.php.
“U.S. Energy Information Administration – EIA – Independent Statistics and Analysis.” Electricity in the U.S. – U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).
“U.S. Energy Information Administration – EIA – Independent Statistics and Analysis.” International – U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), http://www.eia.gov/international/analysis/country/CHN.