White Paper – BabyGoat

Hypothesis: Music aids better cognitive ability due to its ‘feel good’ ability


“Music therapy and neurological rehabilitation: Recognition and the performed body in an ecological niche.”

In this writing, the writer, David Aldridge, explains why he think music therapy is a great things. From reading, to first hand accounts, David Aldridge realizes the change in people after music therapy. He explains music therapy is repetition and that when you repeat something, the ideas are easier to remember and obtain. A small study was done on children who were a delayed on the learning scale, but after music therapy, these kids scored high on a mini test than they did beforehand. He says, “Music therapy is about these elements; the therapeutic relationship, within a specific hearing/listening environment involving the active performance of sounds using integrated movements, which promote development.” 

“The effect of music and multimodal stimulation on responses of premature infants in neonatal intensive care”

A study was done to see how music effects the development of infants. For the testing there were two groups, control and experimental. The difference was that the experimental  group received 15 to 30 minutes of lullaby listening once or twice a week. Both males’ and females’ weight increase and tolerance for stimulation increased. But, females increased more significantly. In the end, the music stimulation helped the experimental group, but it was recognized that females were affected more positively than males. 


“The Effects of Music Therapy on Vital Signs, Feeding, and Sleep in Premature Infants”

Music was used to test critical areas such as sucking, weight gain, sleep, and recovery from painful procedures. Parents’ voices were also shown to enhance vocalization in premature

infants. During the lullaby and rhythm intervention, lower heart rates occurred. Entrained breath sounds produced lower heart rates and differences in sleep patterns. With parent-preferred lullabies, caloric intake and sucking behavior were higher. Parental stress perception decreased because of music. Music therapy sessions include parental assessment skills, like their own breathing, heartbeat, and voice, and how they help in their infant’s growth. With this in mind, parents should learn to use their bodies as an instrument.

“Music therapy for depression: it seems to work, but how?”

With this writing, the writer sees music making as a form to help with depression, but wants to know why. And it is believed that the act of “doing” is a big portion of the act. The active doing was interlinked with the dimensions of aesthetic, physical and relational. Each of these three things help bring pleasure to the person. With the new sense of pleasure, the depressed person is happy.

“The cognitive effects of listening to background music on older adults: processing speed improves with upbeat music, while memory seems to benefit from both upbeat and downbeat music”

Background music is examined throughout the work. There is a study done with older people to see how they perform with music. We see how different types of music can affect people’s mood and productivity. Music seems to affect arousal, mood and enjoyment, which all in return can affect cognitive performance. Fast tempo music seems to have benefits for tasks tapping processing speed and visuospatial abilities. With that said, it can also have a negative effect in complex tasks. It may be due to a limited pool of resources that is available for cognitive processing. The test was done to measure vocabulary, depressive behavior, and memory, processing speed. The test results seems to aid positive results overall.


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